chromosome aberration

an irregularity in the number or structure of chromosomes that may alter the course of development of the embryo, usually in the form of a gain (duplication), loss (deletion), exchange (translocation), or alteration in sequence (inversion) of genetic material. See illustration and see genetic disease, under disease.

Different types of chromosome aberrations. Genes are indicated by letters; breaks are indicated by small arrows.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chromosome aberration — chromosome aberration. См. хромосомная аберрация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • chromosome aberration — chromosomų aberacija statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Savaiminis arba dėl mutagenų poveikio atsiradęs struktūrinis chromosomų pakitimas. atitikmenys: angl. chromosome aberration rus. хромосомная аберрация ryšiai: sinonimas – chromosomų …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • chromosome aberration — In a broad sense, all types of changes in chromosome structure and chromosome number …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • chromosome aberration — See: chromosomal aberration …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • Aberration — (1) A deviation or irregularity. For example, a chromosome aberration is a deviation from the normal chromosome number or the normal chromosome structure. In this sense, aberration is also synonymous with deflection, departure, divergence,… …   Medical dictionary

  • chromosome — [ kromozom ] n. m. • 1889; mot all. 1888, du gr. khrôma « couleur » et sôma « corps », « parce qu [ils] absorbent électivement certaines matières colorantes » (J. Rostand) ♦ Chacun des éléments essentiels du noyau cellulaire, de forme déterminée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chromosome engineering — is the controlled generation of chromosomal deletions, inversions, or translocations with defined endpoints. [1] By combining chromosomal translocation, chromosomal inversion,and chromosomal deletion, chromosome engineering has been shown to… …   Wikipedia

  • Chromosome 15q partial deletion — is an extremely rare human genetic disorder, caused by a chromosomal aberration in which the long ( q ) arm of one copy of chromosome 15 is deleted, or partially deleted. If the mother s copy of the chromosomal arm is deleted, Angelman syndrome… …   Wikipedia

  • Chromosome 15q trisomy — is an extremely rare genetic disorder, caused by a chromosomal aberration in which there is an excess copy of the long ( q ) arm of human chromosome 15. The disorder is also known as Distal Duplication 15q and Partial Duplication 15q Syndrome.… …   Wikipedia

  • Chromosome 14 En Anneau — Le chromosome 14 en anneau est une aberration chromosomique extrêmement rare (moins de vingt cas publiés), notée r(14). Les manifestations en sont : microcéphalie avec retard mental ; hypotonie musculaire ; dysmorphie cranio… …   Wikipédia en Français

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