- Relating to or described by Thomas Addison; used in relation to pernicious anemia or the various features of Addison disease.
* * *Ad·di·so·ni·an .ad-ə-'sō-nē-ən, -nyən adj of, relating to, or affected with Addison's disease <\Addisonian crisis> <\Addisonian patient>Addison Thomas (1793-1860)English physician. Regarded as the father of modern endocrinology, Addison inaugurated the study of internal secretion and the endocrine glands. With John Morgan, he wrote the first book in English on the action of poisons in the living body, and he was the first to use static electricity in the treatment of spasmodic diseases. In 1849 he published a preliminary description of adrenocortical insufficiency. In an 1855 monograph he gave a full, classic description of this syndrome and an equally classic description of pernicious anemia. Shortly afterward, the French physician Armand Trousseau named these two diseases Addison's disease and addisonian anemia. Addison also produced original and significant works on tuberculosis, pneumonia, and skin disease.
* * *ad·di·so·ni·an (ad″ĭ-soґne-ən) named for Thomas Addison, as addisonian crisis and addisonian syndrome.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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addisonian — I. |adə|sōnēən, nyən adjective Usage: often capitalized Etymology: Joseph Addison died 1719 English essayist + English ian 1. : of or resembling Addison or his characteristic writings 2. : clear and polished in literary style … Useful english dictionary
Addisonian — adjective see Addison I … New Collegiate Dictionary
Addisonian — /ad euh soh nee euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Joseph Addison or his works. 2. fluent and clear in literary style. 3. of or pertaining to Addison s disease. n. 4. one who studies the works of Joseph Addison. [ADDISON +… … Universalium
Addisonian — adj. pertaining to Joseph Addison (English poet and essayist) … English contemporary dictionary
addisonian — ad·di·so·ni·an … English syllables
Addisonian anemia — A blood disorder caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Patients who have this disorder do not produce the substance in the stomach that allows the body to absorb vitamin B12. This substance is called intrinsic factor (IF). Addisonian anemia, also… … Medical dictionary
Addisonian crisis — an acute medical emergency due to a lack of corticosteroid production by the body, caused by disease of the adrenal glands or long term suppression of production by steroid medication. It manifests as low blood pressure and collapse, biochemical… … Medical dictionary
Addisonian crisis — an acute medical emergency due to a lack of corticosteroid production by the body, caused by disease of the adrenal glands or long term suppression of production by steroid medication. It manifests as low blood pressure and collapse, biochemical… … The new mediacal dictionary
addisonian pernicious anemia — noun see addisonian anemia … Useful english dictionary
addisonian syndrome — the complex of symptoms resulting from adrenocortical insufficiency; see Addison disease, under disease … Medical dictionary