post-traumatic stress disorder

an anxiety disorder caused by the major personal stress of a serious or frightening event, such as an injury, assault, rape, or exposure to warfare or a disaster involving many casualties. The reaction may be immediate or delayed for months. The sufferer experiences the persistent recurrence of images or memories of the event, together with nightmares, insomnia, a sense of isolation, guilt, irritability, and loss of concentration. Emotions may be deadened or depression may develop. The condition usually settles with time, but support and skilled counselling may be needed. More severe cases may be treated by cognitive therapy and/or behaviour therapy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — [pōst′trô mat′ik] n. a condition characterized by recurring and, often, disabling symptoms of anxiety, depression, etc., that later affects some persons who have experienced a traumatic event or situation, esp. combat * * * Psychological reaction …   Universalium

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — [pōst′trô mat′ik] n. a condition characterized by recurring and, often, disabling symptoms of anxiety, depression, etc., that later affects some persons who have experienced a traumatic event or situation, esp. combat …   English World dictionary

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder — A common anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. Family members of victims also can develop the disorder. PTSD can occur in people of any age,… …   Medical dictionary

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — (ˈ)pōs(t)ˌ… noun also post traumatic stress syndrome : a psychological reaction that occurs after a highly stressing event (as wartime combat, physical violence, or a natural disaster) and is usually characterized by depression, anxiety,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — noun a mental disorder occurring after a traumatic event which is outside an individual s normal experience, characterised by such symptoms as withdrawal, depression, an inclination to relive the traumatic experiences, and a sensitivity to sudden …   Australian English dictionary

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — N UNCOUNT Post traumatic stress disorder is a mental illness that can develop after someone has been involved in a very bad experience such as a war. [MEDICAL] …   English dictionary

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — post traumatic stress dis.order n [U] medical PTSD a mental illness which can develop after a very bad experience such as a plane crash …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — post traumatic stress dis,order noun singular or uncount MEDICAL a mental illness caused by having or seeing a very frightening experience, for example fighting in a war …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — noun Date: 1980 a psychological reaction occurring after experiencing a highly stressing event (as wartime combat, physical violence, or a natural disaster) that is usually characterized by depression, anxiety, flashbacks, recurrent nightmares,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • post traumatic stress disorder — disorder characterized by illusions that a past traumatic event is recurring and severe reaction to stress inducing stimuli (often affects veterans and victims of violence), PTSD …   English contemporary dictionary

  • post-traumatic stress disorder — PTSD an anxiety disorder caused by the major personal stress of a serious or frightening event, such as an injury, assault, rape, or exposure to warfare or a disaster involving many casualties. The onset is at least one month after the traumatic… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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