paratyphoid fever

an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella paratyphi A, B, or C. Bacteria are spread in the faeces of patients or carriers, and outbreaks occur as a result of poor sanitation or unhygienic food-handling. After an incubation period of 1-10 days, symptoms, including diarrhoea, mild fever, and a pink rash on the chest, appear and last for about a week. Treatment with chloramphenicol is effective. Vaccination with TAB vaccine provides temporary immunity against paratyphoid A and B.

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a febrile illness clinically indistinguishable from but usually less severe than typhoid fever, caused by serovars of Salmonella enterica other than the one that causes typhoid fever. Occasionally paratyphoid fever may follow an attack of salmonella food poisoning. Called also paratyphoid.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paratyphoid fever — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 33218 ICD10 = ICD10|A|01|1|a|00 ICD10|A|01|4|a|00 ICD9 = ICD9|002 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D010284 : This about the disease paratyphoid fever. See …   Wikipedia

  • paratyphoid fever — noun any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever • Syn: ↑paratyphoid • Hypernyms: ↑infectious disease * * * noun see paratyphoid II * * * paratyphoid fever, a bacterial disease resembling typhoid fever but usually… …   Useful english dictionary

  • paratyphoid fever — ▪ disease       infectious disease similar to typhoid (typhoid fever), though usually milder, caused by any of several organisms: Salmonella paratyphi (paratyphoid A), S. schottmulleri (paratyphoid B), or S. hirschfeldii (paratyphoid C). The… …   Universalium

  • paratyphoid fever — an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella paratyphi A, B, or C. Bacteria are spread in the faeces of patients or carriers, and outbreaks occur as a result of poor sanitation or unhygienic food handling. After an incubation period… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • paratyphoid fever — noun see paratyphoid II …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • paratyphoid fever — noun Any of a variety of acute infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever but less severe, caused by eating food contaminated with certain bacteria of the genus Salmonella …   Wiktionary

  • paratyphoid fever — /pærəˌtaɪfɔɪd ˈfivə/ (say paruh.tuyfoyd feevuh) noun an infectious disease similar in some ways to typhoid fever but usually milder, and caused by different bacteria …   Australian English dictionary

  • Лихорадка Паратифозная (Paratyphoid Fever) — инфекционное заболевание, вызываемое бактериями видов Salmonella paratyphi А, В или С. Распространение болезни происходит через зараженные каловые массы больных или носителей этих бактерий; вспышки заболевания отмечаются в местах с плохими… …   Медицинские термины

  • paratyphoid — [par΄ə tī′foid΄] adj. [ PARA 1 + TYPHOID] designating, of, or causing an infectious disease closely resembling typhoid fever but usually milder and caused by bacteria (genus Salmonella) n. paratyphoid fever …   English World dictionary

  • paratyphoid — SYN: p. fever. * * * para·ty·phoid .par ə tī .fȯid, (.)tī adj 1) resembling typhoid fever 2) of or relating to paratyphoid or its causative organisms <paratyphoid infection> paratyphoid n any of numerous salmonelloses (as necrotic… …   Medical dictionary

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