nonaccidental injury

injury inflicted on babies and young children; the perpetrator is usually an adult - often a parent or step-parent. Most commonly seen in babies aged six months or less, it usually takes the form of bruising, particularly on the face; bite marks; burns or scalds, particularly cigarette burns; and bone injuries, especially spiral fractures of the long bones in the limbs and skull fractures. Internal injuries may be fatal. Careful examination often reveals several injuries of different ages, indicating long-term abuse. NAI usually has serious consequences for the child, including failure to thrive and behavioural problems.
Known colloquially as the battered baby (or child) syndrome, it may be precipitated by many factors, including relationship difficulties, social problems, and ill health, and is more common if the child is handicapped. It is often found that abusers suffered similar abuse themselves when young. Many abused children suffer further injury if discharged into the same environment with no support (see also risk register). A child at considerable risk may need to be removed from the family home.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • nonaccidental injury — NAI injury inflicted on babies and young children; the perpetrator is usually an adult – often a parent or step parent. Most commonly seen in babies aged six months or less, it usually takes the form of bruising, particularly on the face; bite… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Травма Умышленная (Nonaccidental Injury (Nai)) — травма, умышленно наносимая родителями (чаще всего отчимами или мачехами) детям. Нередко такие травмы наносятся детям в возрасте до полугода; к ним относятся кровоподтеки (особенно на лице), следы укусов, ожогов (особенно сигаретных), повреждения …   Медицинские термины

  • ТРАВМА УМЫШЛЕННАЯ — (nonaccidental injury (NAI)) травма, умышленно наносимая родителями (чаще всего отчимами или мачехами) детям. Нередко такие травмы наносятся детям в возрасте до полугода; к ним относятся кровоподтеки (особенно на лице), следы укусов, ожогов… …   Толковый словарь по медицине

  • Shaken baby syndrome — Classification and external resources ICD 9 995.55 MedlinePlus 000004 …   Wikipedia

  • Child abuse — is a very complex and dangerous set of problems that include child neglect and the physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children. Although most people think first of physical abuse when they hear the term, physical abuse makes us 25 percent… …   Medical dictionary

  • NAI — National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA] Astrobiology Institute; net acid input; no accidental injury; no acute inflammation; nonadherence index * * * see nonaccidental injury …   Medical dictionary

  • child abuse — the maltreatment of children. It may take the form of sexual abuse, when a child is involved in sexual activity by an adult; physical abuse, when physical injury is caused by cruelty or undue punishment (see nonaccidental injury); neglect, when… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • battered baby syndrome — see nonaccidental injury …   Medical dictionary

  • failure to thrive — failure of an infant to grow satisfactorily compared with the average for that community. It is detected by regular measurements and plotting on centile chart. It can be the first indication of a serious underlying condition, such as kidney or… …   Medical dictionary

  • battered baby syndrome — see nonaccidental injury …   The new mediacal dictionary

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