central venous catheter

an intravenous catheter for insertion directly into a large vein, most commonly the subclavian vein, during its passage under the clavicle, or the jugular in the neck. Such catheters can also be inserted into the femoral vein at the groin. They enable intravenous drugs and fluids to be given and intravenous pressures to be measured, which is often useful during operations or in intensive care. Central venous catheters must be inserted under strictly sterile conditions using a local anaesthetic.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Central venous catheter — In medicine, a central venous catheter (CVC or central venous line or central venous access catheter ) is a catheter placed into a large vein in the neck (internal jugular vein), chest (subclavian vein) or groin (femoral vein). It is used to… …   Wikipedia

  • Central venous catheter — A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of the heart. Central venous catheters have a number of different uses …   Medical dictionary

  • central venous catheter — an intravenous catheter for insertion directly into a large vein, most commonly the subclavian vein, during its passage under the clavicle, or the jugular in the neck. Such catheters can also be inserted into the femoral vein at the groin. They… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • central venous catheter — (Medicine) small and flexible plastic tube placed into the large vein above the heart …   English contemporary dictionary

  • central venous pressure — n the venous pressure of the right atrium of the heart obtained by inserting a catheter into the median cubital vein and advancing it to the right atrium through the superior vena cava abbr. CVP * * * (CVP) the venous pressure as measured at the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Central venous pressure — (CVP) describes the pressure of blood in the thoracic vena cava, near the right atrium of the heart. CVP reflects the amount of blood returning to the heart and the ability of the heart to pump the blood into the arterial system. It is a good… …   Wikipedia

  • Catheter, central venous — A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of the heart. Central venous catheters have a number of different uses …   Medical dictionary

  • Central venous line — A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of the heart. Central venous lines have a number of different uses. A… …   Medical dictionary

  • Venous catheter, central — A catheter (a tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of the heart. Central venous catheters have a diversity of uses.… …   Medical dictionary

  • central venous pressure — CVP the pressure of blood within the right atrium. Measurement of CVP is obtained by catheterization of the right side of the heart; the catheter is attached to a manometer. CVP measurements are used to estimate circulatory function and blood… …   The new mediacal dictionary


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