Kupffer cells

phagocytic cells that line the sinusoids of the liver (see macrophage). They are particularly concerned with the formation of bile and are often seen to contain fragments of red blood cells and pigment granules that are derived from the breakdown of haemoglobin.
K. W. von Kupffer (1829-1902), German anatomist

* * *

a type of stellate cell found in the sinusoids of the liver, having intense phagocytic activity and forming part of the reticuloendothelial system. Called also von Kupffer c's.

Kupffer cells lining a hepatic sinusoid.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kupffer cells — phagocytic cells that line the sinusoids of the liver (see macrophage). They are particularly concerned with the formation of bile and are often seen to contain fragments of red blood cells and pigment granules that are derived from the breakdown …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • von Kupffer cells — Kupffer c s …   Medical dictionary

  • Клетки Купфера (Kupffer Cells) — фагоцитарные клетки, выстилающие, наряду с эндотелиальными, синусоидные капилляры печени (см. Макрофаг). Эти клетки участвуют в фагоцитозе и защищают печеночные клетки от многих токсических влияний; они часто содержат фрагменты эритроцитов,… …   Медицинские термины

  • Kupffer cell — Kupffer cells, also known as Browicz Kupffer cells, are specialized macrophages located in the liver that form part of the reticuloendothelial system (aka: mononuclear phagocyte system). HistoryThe cells were first observed by Karl Wilhelm von… …   Wikipedia

  • Kupffer cell — ▪ anatomy       any of the stellate (star shaped) cells in the linings of the liver sinusoids. The sinusoids are microscopic blood channels. The Kupffer cells are phagocytic, i.e., capable of ingestion of other cells and of foreign particles.… …   Universalium

  • Kupffer-Zelle — Die Kupffer Zellen, auch Browicz Kupffer Zellen oder auch fälschlicherweise oft als Kupffer Sternzellen bezeichnet [1], sind nach den Entdeckern Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer und Tadeusz Browicz, Makrophagen (Fresszellen) der Leber mit ovalem Zellkern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kupffer's cell — noun specialized cells in the liver that destroy bacteria, foreign proteins, and worn out blood cells • Hypernyms: ↑cell • Part Holonyms: ↑liver * * * noun see kupffer cell …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kupffer cell — Kupf·fer cell ku̇p fər also Kupf·fer s cell fərz n a fixed macrophage of the walls of the liver sinusoids that is stellate with a large oval nucleus and the cytoplasm commonly packed with fragments resulting from phagocytic action Kupffer Karl… …   Medical dictionary

  • Kupffer cell — [ kʊpfə] noun Anatomy a phagocytic liver cell, involved in the breakdown of red blood cells. Origin early 20th cent.: named after the Bavarian anatomist Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer …   English new terms dictionary

  • Kupffer — Karl W. von, German anatomist, 1829–1902. See K. cells, under cell …   Medical dictionary

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