acanthocyte

An erythrocyte characterized by multiple spiny cytoplasmic projections, as in acanthocytosis. [acantho- + G. kytos, cell]

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acan·tho·cyte ə-'kan(t)-thə-.sīt n an abnormal red blood cell having variously shaped protoplasmic projections

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acan·tho·cyte (ə-kanґtho-sīt) [acantho- + -cyte] a spiculed erythrocyte with five to ten spiny protoplasmic projections of varying lengths distributed irregularly over its surface; seen in abetalipoproteinemia, malnutrition, liver diseases, and a few other conditions. Called also acanthrocyte and spur cell.

Acanthocytes (arrows).


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acanthocyte — is a general term meaning spiny cell . AKA spur cell in more severe cases*In human biology and medicine, the term refers to pathological red blood cells, which are coarse and irregularly crenellated resembling many pointed stars. They are seen on …   Wikipedia

  • acanthocyte — ● acanthocyte nom masculin Hématie en forme de feuille d acanthe …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Acanthocyte — Acanthocytose chez un patient avec une A beta lipoprotéinémie. Les acanthocytes sont des globules rouges avec de nombreuses spicules et de véritables projections de la surface. Anomalie constitutionnelle associée avec un métabolisme anormal des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • acanthocyte — Cell with projecting spikes; most commonly applied to erythrocytes where the condition may be caused naturally by abetalipoproteinaemia or experimentally by manipulating the lipid composition of the plasma membrane …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • acanthocyte — /euh kan theuh suyt /, n. Pathol. an abnormal red blood cell having spiny projections, found in the blood of persons with abetalipoproteinemia and certain malabsorption disorders. [1980 85; ACANTHO + CYTE] * * * …   Universalium

  • acanthocyte — noun An irregular or spiny cell …   Wiktionary

  • acanthocyte — noun an abnormal red blood cell that has thorny projections of protoplasm • Hypernyms: ↑red blood cell, ↑RBC, ↑erythrocyte …   Useful english dictionary

  • spur cell — acanthocyte …   Medical dictionary

  • acanthrocyte — Obsolete term for acanthocyte. * * * acan·thro·cyte (ə kanґthro sīt) acanthocyte …   Medical dictionary

  • Reactive lymphocyte — surrounded by red blood cells. Reactive lymphocytes are lymphocytes that become large as a result of antigen stimulation. Typically they can be more than 30 µm in diameter with varying size and shape. The nucleus of a reactive lymphocyte can be… …   Wikipedia

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