sylvian fissure

sylvian fissure n, often cap 1st S a deep fissure of the lateral aspect of each cerebral hemisphere that divides the temporal from the parietal and frontal lobes called also fissure of Sylvius, lateral fissure, lateral sulcus
Du·bois due-'bō-ä or De Le Boë .dā-lā-'bō-ā François or Franz (Latin Franciscus Sylvius) (1614-1672)
Dutch anatomist, physician, and chemist. As a professor of medicine at Leiden, Dubois was one of Europe's most celebrated teachers. He is considered by many the founder of the 17th-century school of iatrochemical medicine, a school that held that all the phenomena of life and disease are based on chemical action. This school sought to apply rationally the universal laws of chemistry and physics to medicine. He extensively investigated the anatomy of the brain, and in 1641 he discovered the deep cleft separating the temporal, frontal, and parietal lobes of the brain. This cleft is now known as the sylvian fissure. He published his collected medical works in 1671.

* * *

Sylvius fissure sulcus lateralis cerebri.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sylvian fissure — /sil vee euhn/, Anat. See lateral fissure. [1870 75; named after Sylvius, Latinized form of Jacques Dubois (d. 1555), French anatomist; see AN] * * * …   Universalium

  • Sylvian fissure — [ sɪlvɪən] noun Anatomy a large diagonal fissure which separates off the temporal lobe of the brain. Origin C19: named after the 17th cent. Flemish anatomist François de la Boë Sylvius …   English new terms dictionary

  • Sylvian fissure — noun the deepest and most prominent of the cortical fissures; separates the frontal lobes and temporal lobes in both hemispheres • Syn: ↑fissure of Sylvius, ↑lateral cerebral sulcus, ↑sulcus lateralis cerebri • Hypernyms: ↑sulcus • Part Holonyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sylvian fissure — noun The lateral sulcus of the brain …   Wiktionary

  • sylvian fissure — cleft between the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, sulcus lateralis cerebri (Anatomy) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Sylvian — /silˈvi ən/ adjective Of Sylvius, ie either the French anatomist Jacques Dubois (1478–1555), or Franz de la Boë (1614–72), the Dutch German iatrochemist Sylvian fissure noun (anatomy) A deep lateral fissure in the cerebrum, discovered apparently… …   Useful english dictionary

  • sylvian fossa — n, often cap 1st S a depression that forms in the lateral surface of each embryonic cerebral hemisphere during the third month of development and contains the insula at its bottom which is later covered by the operculum whose edges form the… …   Medical dictionary

  • fissure of Sylvius — fissure of Syl·vi·us sil vē əs n SYLVIAN FISSURE …   Medical dictionary

  • sylvian — Relating to Franciscus or Jacobus Sylvius or to any of the structures described by either of them. * * * syl·vi·an sil vē ən adj, often cap S of or relating to the sylvian fissure * * * syl·vi·an (silґve ən) 1. described by or named for… …   Medical dictionary

  • fissure of Sylvius — noun the deepest and most prominent of the cortical fissures; separates the frontal lobes and temporal lobes in both hemispheres • Syn: ↑Sylvian fissure, ↑lateral cerebral sulcus, ↑sulcus lateralis cerebri • Hypernyms: ↑sulcus • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.