swine erysipelas

swine erysipelas n a destructive contagious disease of various mammals and birds that is caused by a bacterium of the genus Erysipelothrix (E. rhusiopathiae), that may occur in an acute highly fatal septicemic form or take a chronic course marked by endocarditis, arthritis, or hives, and that is of esp. economic importance in swine and domesticated turkeys called also erysipelas

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a contagious disease of swine caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. It is of great economic importance around the world and occurs in four clinical forms: an acute septicemic form, marked by high fever, lesions of the internal organs and viscera, and a high mortality rate; an urticarial form (called also diamonds or diamond skin disease), the mildest form, rarely fatal, marked by sudden onset, high fever, general debility, red to purple blotches on the neck and body, and sometimes involvement of the viscera; a chronic form, sometimes fatal, marked by difficulty in breathing and vegetative endocarditis; and an arthritic form, not usually fatal, marked by stunting of growth; this form may occur alone or as a complication of other forms.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • swine erysipelas — noun : a destructive contagious disease of various mammals and birds that is caused by a bacterium (Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae) that may occur in an acute highly fatal septicemic form or take a chronic course marked by endocarditis, arthritis,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • swine erysipelas — Vet. Pathol. erysipelas (def. 2). Cf. erysipeloid. * * * …   Universalium

  • erysipelas — A specific, acute, superficial cutaneous cellulitis caused by β hemolytic streptococci and characterized by hot, red, edematous, brawny, and sharply defined eruptions; usually accompanied by severe constitutional symptoms. [G., fr. erythros, red… …   Medical dictionary

  • erysipelas — erysipelatous /er euh si pel euh teuhs, ear /, adj. /er euh sip euh leuhs, ear euh /, n. 1. Pathol. an acute, febrile infectious disease, caused by a specific streptococcus, characterized by diffusely spreading deep red inflammation of the skin… …   Universalium

  • Erysipelothrix — A genus of bacteria (family Corynebacteriaceae) containing nonmotile, Gram positive, rod shaped organisms that have a tendency to form long filaments; older cells tend to become Gram negative. They produce acid but no gas from glucose. They are… …   Medical dictionary

  • erysipeloid — A specific, usually self limiting, cellulitis of the hand caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae; appears as a dusky erythema with diamondlike configuration of the skin at the site of a wound sustained in handling fish or meat and may become… …   Medical dictionary

  • erysipeloid — I. ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈsipəˌlȯid noun ( s) Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary erysipelas + oid : a localized nonfebrile dermatitis resembling erysipelas, caused by the parasite of swine erysipelas, and occurring especially about the hands of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • er|y|sip|e|las — «EHR uh SIHP uh luhs, IHR », noun. 1. an acute infectious disease that causes fever and chills, and a rapidly spreading, deep red inflammation of the skin, caused by a streptococcus. 2. an acute or chronic bacterial disease of swine, and less… …   Useful english dictionary

  • erysipelothrix — ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈsipəlōˌthriks noun Etymology: New Latin, from erysipelas + o + thrix 1. capitalized : a genus of microaerophilic, gram positive, rod shaped bacteria (family Corynebacteriaceae) forming no spores, tending to produce long filaments, and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Löffler, Friedrich August Johannes — ▪ German bacteriologist born June 24, 1852, Frankfurt an der Oder, Prussia [Germany] died April 9, 1915, Berlin       German bacteriologist who, with Edwin Klebs (Klebs, Edwin), in 1884 discovered the organism that causes diphtheria,… …   Universalium

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