- A compound used mainly for dyeing textiles and paper that is a known human carcinogen (cancer-causing agent). Benzidine was one of the first chemicals for which an association of occupational exposure and increased incidence of urinary bladder cancer in humans was reported.
* * *A colorless, crystalline compound used to detect sulfates in water analysis, for the identification of blood, and as a reagent in special stains; because it has been identified as a carcinogen, its current use is limited.
* * *ben·zi·dine 'ben-zə-.dēn n a crystalline base C12H12N2 used esp. in making dyes and in a test for blood
* * *ben·zi·dine (benґzĭ-dēn) a colorless, crystalline arylamine compound formed by the action of acids on hydrazobenzene; once widely used in testing for occult blood, its use is now limited because it is a carcinogen and is toxic if absorbed through the skin, ingested, or inhaled. Called also p-diaminodiphenyl>.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Benzidine — IUPAC name 4,4 diaminobiphenyl … Wikipedia
Benzidine — structure chimique Général Nom IUPAC 4,4 diaminobiphenyl … Wikipédia en Français
benzidine — ● benzidine nom féminin Diamine aromatique dérivant du biphényle, qui sert à la préparation de colorants (chrysamine, jaune Congo, rouge Congo). benzidine [bɛ̃zidin] n. f. ÉTYM. 1854, Gerhardt, in T. L. F. (art. Benz(o) ); all. benzidin, de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
benzidine — [ben′zə dēn΄] n. [< BENZENE] a white or reddish crystalline organic base, NH2C6H4C6H4NH2, used in the manufacture of dyes … English World dictionary
benzidine — /ben zi deen , din/, n. Chem. a grayish, crystalline, slightly water soluble, basic compound, C12H12N2, usually derived from nitrobenzene: used chiefly in the synthesis of certain azo dyes, esp. Congo red. [1875 80; BENZ + ID3 + INE2] * * * ▪… … Universalium
benzidine — benzidinas statusas T sritis chemija formulė (H₂NC₆H₄)₂ atitikmenys: angl. benzidine rus. бензидин ryšiai: sinonimas – 4,4ˊ bifenilendiaminas … Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
benzidine — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary benz + idine Date: circa 1855 a crystalline diamine base C12H12N2 prepared from nitrobenzene and used especially in making dyes … New Collegiate Dictionary
benzidine — noun The aromatic diamine 4,4 diaminobiphenyl that is used in testing for cyanide, and for traces of blood … Wiktionary
benzidine — A grayish yellow, white or reddish gray crystalline powder; its an organic synthesis, manufacture of dyes especially of Congo red. Also used for the detection of blood stainand as a stiffening agent in rubber compounding … Forensic science glossary
benzidine — n. chemical compound used in the production of dyes … English contemporary dictionary