Shope papilloma

Shope papilloma 'shōp- also Shope's papilloma 'shōps- n a transmissible fibroma of cottontail rabbits that occurs esp. on the legs, feet, and ears, is caused by a poxvirus (species Rabbit fibroma virus of the genus Leporipoxvirus), and has under certain circumstances been transmitted to domestic rabbits
Shope Richard Edwin (1901-1966)
American pathologist. Shope was the first to isolate an influenza virus, the first to establish the feasibility of animal immunization against influenza, and the first to explain the cause of the pandemic of Spanish influenza following World War I. During the 1920s and 1930s he demonstrated that pseudorabies is caused by a virus for which pigs act as intermediate hosts. In 1933, while studying tumors in cottontail rabbits, he discovered a virus causing similar growths in domestic rabbits that can eventually become malignant. This discovery marked the first time that a potentially cancerous tumor was shown to be caused by a virus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • shope papilloma — ˈshōp noun also shope s papilloma Usage: usually capitalized S Etymology: after Richard E. Shope died 1966 American physician : a transmissible fibrous tumor of cottontail rabbits of which the transmitting agent is believed to be a specific… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shope papilloma virus — Virus classification Group: Group I (dsDNA) Family: Papillomaviridae Genus: Kappapapillomavirus …   Wikipedia

  • Shope papilloma virus — Shope papilloma virus. См. вирус папилломы Шоупа. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Shope papilloma virus — Papovavirus that produces papillomas (warts) in rabbits …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • shope's papilloma — noun see shope papilloma …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shope fibroma papilloma — (shōp) [Richard Edwin Shope, American pathologist, 1902–1966] see rabbit fibroma, under fibroma, and rabbit papilloma, under papilloma …   Medical dictionary

  • Papilloma — A benign tumor that projects above the surface of the tissue from which it arises. Papillomas have clearcut borders and are usually small and fairly round. * * * A circumscribed, benign epithelial tumor projecting from the surrounding surface;… …   Medical dictionary

  • Shope — Richard E., U.S. pathologist, 1902–1966. See S. fibroma, S. fibroma virus, S. papilloma, S. papilloma virus …   Medical dictionary

  • rabbit papilloma — Shope papilloma a viral disease of rabbits marked by the formation of horny warts. These papillomas were the first mammalian tumors shown to be induced by a virus (by Shope in 1933) and the first to be transmitted by purified viral DNA …   Medical dictionary

  • вирус папилломы Шоупа — Shope papilloma virus вирус папилломы Шоупа. Икосаэдрический ДНК содержащий вирус, вызывающий папилломы <papilloma> у кроликов, размер частиц 53 нм, молекулярная масса геномной ДНК 5000 кД. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь… …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

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