- A fatal heart attack triggered by extreme psychological stress. The effect is named after Charles Baskerville, a character in the Arthur Conan Doyle story "The Hound of the Baskervilles," who suffers a fatal heart attack due to extreme psychological stress. The term "Baskerville effect" was coined in 2001 in the course of a research study that found Chinese Americans and Japanese Americans had a 7% greater death rate from heart disease on the 4th day of the month (BMJ 2001;323:1443-1446). There was no such peak mortality for white Americans. Since both Chinese and Japanese regard the number four as unlucky, it appears that heart fatalities increase on psychologically stressful occasions. (The stressful nature of the number 4 for Chinese and Japanese comes from the fact that in Chinese (both Mandarin and Cantonese) and Japanese the words "four" and "death" are pronounced almost identically. Some Chinese and Japanese hospitals do not have a fourth floor or number any rooms "4." Mainland Chinese omit the number 4 in designating military aircraft. Japanese people may avoid traveling on the 4th of the month.) Arthur Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh in 1859. He received his medical degree from the University there and practiced briefly as a doctor but left medicine to write full-time. This he was able to do because of the popularity of his Sherlock Holmes stories. However, he tired of Holmes and in 1893 he tried to "kill" him in "The Final Problem." However, because of public mourning for Holmes, he brought him briefly back to life in 1901 in "The Hound of the Baskervilles." Conan Doyle was knighted in 1902 for his work in Boer War propaganda and, some said, because of "The Hound of the Baskervilles." Sir Arthur died in 1930.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Baskerville effect — The Baskerville effect, or the Hound of the Baskervilles effect is a statistical observation that mortality through heart attacks is increased by psychological stress. It is named after the fictional Charles Baskerville from the Sherlock Holmes… … Wikipedia
Baskerville-Effekt — Der Begriff Baskerville Effekt (The Hound of the Baskervilles effect oder kurz: Baskerville effect) fand seine erste Erwähnung im Dezember 2001 im British Medical Journal (Vol. 323, 22. bis 29. Dezember 2001). Amerikanische Forscher um David … Deutsch Wikipedia
William of Baskerville — is a fictional Franciscan friar from the novel Il Nome Della Rosa ( The Name of the Rose ) by Umberto Eco. Brother William was an inquisitor, who presided at some trials in England and Italy, where he distinguished himself by his along with great … Wikipedia
Scientific phenomena named after people — This is a list of scientific phenomena and concepts named after people (eponymous phenomena). For other lists of eponyms, see eponym. NOTOC A* Abderhalden ninhydrin reaction Emil Abderhalden * Abney effect, Abney s law of additivity William de… … Wikipedia
List of effects — This is a list of names for observable phenonema that contain the word effect, amplified by reference(s) to their respective fields of study. #*3D audio effect (audio effects)A*Accelerator effect (economics) *Accordion effect (physics) (waves)… … Wikipedia
History of Western typography — Contemporary typographers view typography as craft with a very long history tracing its origins back to the first punches and dies used to make seals and currency in ancient times. The basic elements of typography are at least as old as… … Wikipedia
typography — /tuy pog reuh fee/, n. 1. the art or process of printing with type. 2. the work of setting and arranging types and of printing from them. 3. the general character or appearance of printed matter. [1635 45; < NL typographia, equiv. to Gk týpo(s)… … Universalium
Fathers' rights movement — The Fathers rights movement has been characterized as a civil rights movement,cite news | last =Sacks | first = G | coauthors = Thompson D | title =Why Are There so Many Women in the Fathers Movement? | publisher = Star Tribune | date =2006 06 21 … Wikipedia
History of rugby league — The history of rugby league began with a schism of 1895 in Rugby football. There are now two forms of rugby : rugby league and rugby union. Although similar, they have different laws and governing bodies. The disagreement that led to the split… … Wikipedia
New Zealand national rugby league team — Not to be confused with New Zealand national rugby union team. New Zealand … Wikipedia