politzer bag

po·litz·er bag 'pō-lit-sər-, 'pä- n a soft rubber bulb used to inflate the middle ear by increasing air pressure in the nasopharynx
Po·litz·er 'pō-lit-sər Adam (1835-1920)
Austrian otologist. Politzer was the first professor of otology at Vienna and one of the greatest of all otologists. He devoted his career to the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the organs of hearing. While he was still a medical student, he described the innervation of the intrinsic muscle of the ear and the variations in air pressure on the middle ear. In 1863 he devised the pneumatic device for inflating the middle ear that is now called the politzer bag. Two years later he published an atlas of the tympanic membrane. In 1878-82 he published a textbook on diseases of the ear that was the standard authority for many years. His two-volume history of otolaryngology that was published in 1907-13 was equally significant. His other achievements included improvement of tuning-fork tests; use of the otoscope in the diagnosis of seromucous exudate in the tympanic cavity; the first recognition of otosclerosis as a separate clinical entity; and investigations into the pathological anatomy of cholesteatoma, congenital deafness, and labyrinthitis.

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a soft bag of rubber for inflating the middle ear.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • politzer bag — pōˈlitsə(r) noun Usage: sometimes capitalized P Etymology: after Adam Politzer died 1920 Austrian otologist : a soft rubber bulb used to inflate the middle ear by increasing air pressure in the nasopharynx …   Useful english dictionary

  • Politzer bag — noun A soft, rubber bulb used to inflate the middle ear by increasing air pressure in the nasopharynx. See Also: Politzerisation, Politzerization …   Wiktionary

  • Politzer bag cone method (test) — Pol·it·zer bag, cone, method (test) (polґit zər) [Adam Politzer, Hungarian born otologist in Austria, 1835–1920] see under bag and method; see politzerization; and see cone of light, under cone …   Medical dictionary

  • POLITZER, ADAM — (1835–1920), founder of modern otology. Politzer, who was born in Alberti, Hungary, studied at Vienna University where from 1870 to 1907 he was professor of otology. During his tenure Vienna became the center for study in otology for students… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • bag — A pouch, sac, or receptacle. [A.S. baelg] Ambu b. proprietary name for a self reinflating b. with nonrebreathing valves to provide positive pressure ventilation during resuscitation with oxygen or air. breathing b. a collapsible reservoir from… …   Medical dictionary

  • Politzer — Adam, Austrian otologist, 1835–1920. See P. bag, P. method, P. luminous cone …   Medical dictionary

  • Ádám Politzer — LifeAdam Politzer was born in Albertirsa, near the city of Budapest, to a well to do Jewish family. He studied medicine in the University of Vienna. Some of his teachers belonged to the famous Second Vienna School , such as Carl Freiherr von… …   Wikipedia

  • Politzerization — Politzerization, also called the Politzer maneuver or method, is a medical procedure that involves inflating the middle ear by blowing air up the nose during the act of swallowing. It is often performed to reopen the Eustachian tube and equalise… …   Wikipedia

  • politzerization — Inflation of the eustachian tube and middle ear by the Politzer method. negative p. withdrawal of secretions from a cavity by suction, effected by attaching a compressed Politzer bag or …   Medical dictionary

  • negative politzerization — displacement of secretion from a cavity through negative pressure produced by means of a Politzer bag …   Medical dictionary

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