- CDC). It is fatal in 10-15% of cases. College students and military recruits who live in dormitories or barracks are unusually susceptible to meningococcal meningitis. The CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in 1999 made a unanimous recommendation that college freshmen be vaccinated against this type of bacterial meningitis. The vaccine is effective against most strains of meningococcal meningitis in the US. A study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA 1999;281:1906-1910) showed that college students who live on campus have triple the risk of acquiring meningococcal infection compared with their peers who live off-campus. Among the factors cited for a higher risk of the disease on campus were the relative crowding associated with dormitory residence, alcohol-related behaviors, and exposure to tobacco smoke. The same factors make young adults who are military recruits at higher risk for meningococcal meningitis and provide the basis for recommendations that they, too, receive the vaccine.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Meningococcal disease — Classification and external resources Charlotte Cleverley Bisman, one of the youngest survivors of the disease. The infected arms had to be amputated later. ICD 10 A … Wikipedia
Meningococcal vaccine — Vaccine description Target disease Neisseria meningitidis Type ? Clinical data AHFS/Drugs.com … Wikipedia
Meningococcal septicaemia — Classification and external resources ICD 10 A39.2 4 ICD 9 036.2 Meningococcal septicaemia (or meningococcal septicemia), or meningococcaemia, is a form of sepsis, t … Wikipedia
Meningococcal vaccine — A vaccine to prevent meningococcal meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord due to bacterial infection by an organism called Neisseria meningitidis. The symptoms of meningococcal meningitis include… … Medical dictionary
Meningococcal meningitis — Inflammation of the meninges (the membranes covering of the brain and spinal cord) due to infection with the meningococcus bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. Meningococcal meningitis typically starts like the flu with the sudden onset of an… … Medical dictionary
Vaccine — For other uses, see Vaccine (disambiguation). A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease causing microorganism, and is often made from… … Wikipedia
meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine — (MPSV) a preparation of capsular polysaccharide antigens of Neisseria meningitidis serovars A, C, Y, and W 135; used for the prevention of meningococcal disease. The vaccine is administered subcutaneously to persons over 2 years of age in certain … Medical dictionary
meningococcal conjugate vaccine — (MCV) (MCV4) a preparation of capsular polysaccharide antigens of Neisseria meningitidis serovars A, C, Y, and W 135, covalently bound to diphtheria toxoid; administered intramuscularly for the prevention of meningococcal disease. It is… … Medical dictionary
Conjugate vaccine — A conjugate vaccine is created by covalently attaching a poor (polysaccharide organism) antigen to a carrier protein (preferably from the same microorganism), thereby conferring the immunological attributes of the carrier on the attached antigen … Wikipedia
Meningitis vaccine — This term usually refers to a vaccine used to prevent meningococcal meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord due to bacterial infection by Neisseria meningitidis. The CDC s Advisory Committee on… … Medical dictionary