United States Public Health Service
- PHS) administers a number of critically important health agencies including the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Founding: In 1798, Congress established the U. S. Marine Hospital Service -— the predecessor of today's U.S. Public Health Service -— to provide health care to sick and injured merchant seamen. In 1870, the Marine Hospital Service was reorganized as a national hospital system with centralized administration under a medical officer, the Supervising Surgeon, who was later given the title of Surgeon General. The Surgeon General: Dr. John Woodworth was appointed as the first Supervising Surgeon in 1871. Woodward established a cadre of medical personnel to administer the Marine Hospital System. On January 4, 1889, the Congress recognized this new personnel system by formally authorizing the Commissioned Corps. The Corps was established along military lines to be a mobile force of professionals subject to reassignment to meet the needs of the Service. Originally, the Corps was composed only of physicians. However, over the years, as the functional responsibilities of the PHS and the Corps have broadened, a broad range of health professionals has been included in the PHS. Reorganization: Before 1968, the Surgeon General was the head of the PHS, and all program, administrative, and financial management authorities flowed through the Surgeon General, who reported directly to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. In 1968, the Secretary delegated line responsibility for the PHS to the Assistant Secretary for Health. The Office of the Surgeon General was abolished and the position of Surgeon General became that of a principal deputy to the Assistant Secretary for Health with responsibility for advising and assisting on professional medical matters.
In addition, a primary role developed in which the Surgeon General became the PHS spokesperson on certain health issues. In 1987, the Office of the Surgeon General (OSG) was reestablished as a staff office within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health. Concomitant with this action, the Surgeon General again became responsible for management of the Commissioned Corps personnel system. In carrying out all responsibilities, the Surgeon General reports to the Assistant Secretary for Health, who is the principal advisor to the Secretary on public health and scientific issues. Current Status: There currently are more than 6,100 officers on active duty. Officers are assigned to all of the PHS Agencies and to a number of agencies outside of PHS, including the Bureau of Prisons, U. S. Coast Guard, Environmental Protection Agency, Health Care Financing Administration, and the Commission on Mental Health of the District of Columbia.
* * *A bureau of the Department of Health and Human Services, served by a corps of medical officers presided over by the Surgeon General, concerned with scientific research, domestic and insular quarantine, administration of government hospitals, publication of sanitary reports, and statistics; associated with it are the National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other units.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
United States Public Health Service — PHS Staatliche Ebene Bundesbehörde Gründung … Deutsch Wikipedia
United States Public Health Service — (USPHS) Agencia del gobierno federal de EE.UU. responsable del control de la llegada desde el extranjero de cualquier persona, mercancía o sustancia que pueda afectar a la salud de los ciudadanos norteamericanos. La agencia fija las normas sobre… … Diccionario médico
United States Public Health Service — Infobox Government agency agency name = United States Public Health Service logo width = 140px formed = 1798 preceding1 = preceding2 = dissolved = superseding = jurisdiction = Federal government of the United States headquarters = Washington, D.C … Wikipedia
United States Public Health Service — noun an agency that serves as the office of Surgeon General; includes agencies whose mission is to improve the public health • Syn: ↑PHS • Hypernyms: ↑agency, ↑federal agency, ↑government agency, ↑bureau, ↑office, ↑authority … Useful english dictionary
United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps — The United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC) is the federal uniformed service of the United States Public Health Service (PHS) consisting of only commissioned officers, and is one of the seven uniformed services of the… … Wikipedia
United States Public Health Service Hospital — Das Public Health Service Narcotic Hospital war eine Institution des US amerikanischen Krankenhaus bzw. Gefängniswesens, das zuvor als United States narcotic farm , später als Federal Medical Center, Lexington bekannt war. Am 19. Januar 1929… … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps four-star admirals — There have been 4 four star admirals in the history of the U.S. Publice Health Service Commissioned Corps. All four were directly commissioned into the regular corps. One was an career regular corps officer and the other three were originally… … Wikipedia
USPHS (United States Public Health Service) — The agency responsible for the public health of the American people. The Public Health Service (PHS) administers a number of critically important health agencies including the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Disease Control… … Medical dictionary
United States Public Health Services — US Public Health Service Mützenabzeichen des US Public Health Service … Deutsch Wikipedia
Public Health Service — US Public Health Service Mützenabzeichen des US Public Health Service … Deutsch Wikipedia