Meniere's disease

Mé·nière's disease mən-'ye(ə)rz-, 'men-yərz- n a disorder of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear that is marked by recurrent attacks of dizziness, tinnitus, and hearing loss called also Ménière's syndrome
Mé·nière mā-nyer Prosper (1799-1862)
French physician. Ménière specialized in otolaryngology. He published a treatise on diseases of the ear in 1853. In 1861 he published the first detailed description of the form of vertigo now known as Ménière's disease. While others had made peripheral studies of the disorder, he was the first to identify the semicircular canals of the ear as the site of the lesion. A truly complete description of the disease was published in 1874 by the famed neurologist Jean Martin Charcot (1825-1893). Not until 1928 was an operation for the disease developed by Walter Dandy (1886-1946).

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a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of deafness, buzzing in the ears (tinnitus), and vertigo. Typically the attacks are preceded by a sensation of fullness in the ear. Symptoms last for several hours and between attacks the affected ear may return to normal, although hearing does tend to deteriorate gradually with repeated attacks. It is thought to be caused by the build-up of fluid in the inner ear. Drug treatments include prochlorperazine to reduce vertigo in acute attacks and betahistine as prophylactic treatment. Ototoxic drugs, such as gentamicin, can be injected through the eardrum into the middle ear to reduce activity in the inner ear. Surgical procedures used include decompression or drainage of the endolymphatic sac, vestibular nerve section, and labyrinthectomy. Medical name: endolymphatic hydrops.
P. Ménière (1799-1862), French physician

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ménière's disease — Classification and external resources Inner ear ICD 10 H …   Wikipedia

  • Ménière's disease — /ˈmɛniɛəz dəziz/ (say meneeairz duhzeez) noun a disease of the internal ear characterised by deafness, vertigo and tinnitus with occasional nausea. Also, Ménière s syndrome. {named after Prosper Ménière, 1799–1862, French physician} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ménière's disease — [mɛn jɛ:] noun a disease of the inner ear causing progressive deafness, tinnitus, and vertigo. Origin C19: named after the French physician Prosper Ménière …   English new terms dictionary

  • Ménière's disease — a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of deafness, buzzing in the ears (tinnitus), and vertigo. Typically the attacks are preceded by a sensation of fullness in the ear. Symptoms last for several hours and between attacks the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Ménière's disease — noun Etymology: Prosper Ménière died 1862 French physician Date: 1871 a disorder of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear that is marked by recurrent attacks of dizziness, tinnitus, and hearing loss called also Ménière s syndrome …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Meniere's disease — noun a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral) • Hypernyms: ↑disease …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ménière's disease — noun /ˈmɛn.i.ɛə(ɹ)z,mɛnˈjɛə(ɹ)z A disorder of the inner ear, caused by lymphatic channel dilation and characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss, usually in one ear …   Wiktionary

  • Meniere’s disease — sudden dizziness, ear ringing, and vomiting due to disturbance of the labyrinth …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • disease — n Disease, disorder, condition, affection, ailment, malady, complaint, distemper, syndrome denote a de ranged bodily state usually associated with or amounting to a loss of health. Disease in its usual and broadest use implies an impairment of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Ménière's syndrome — or Ménière s disease [mān yerz′] n. [after P. Ménière (1799 1862), Fr physician] a malfunctioning of the semicircular canal of the inner ear, characterized by dizziness, nausea, vomiting, a buzzing in the ear, etc …   English World dictionary

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