Triage

The process of sorting people based on their need for immediate medical treatment as compared to their chance of benefiting from such care. Triage is done in emergency rooms, disasters and wars when limited medical resources must be allocated to maximize the number of survivors. The US Department of Defense defines "triage" as follows: "The evaluation and classification of casualties for purposes of treatment and evacuation. It consists of the immediate sorting of patients according to type and seriousness of injury, and likelihood of survival, and the establishment of priority for treatment and evacuation to assure medical care of the greatest benefit to the largest number." Triage in this sense originated in World War I. Wounded soldiers were classified into one of three groups: those who could be expected to live without medical care; those who would likely die even with care; and those who could survive if they received care. "Triage" is a French word meaning "sorting, selection, choice." It came from the French verb "trier" meaning "to sort, select, choose" and has been used in English since 1727 to indicate the action of assorting according to quality. For example, coffee beans have long been triaged.
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1. Medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority for treatment. 2. The separation of a large number of casualties, in military or civilian disaster medical care, into three groups: 1) those who cannot be expected to survive even with treatment; 2) those who will recover without treatment; and 3) the highest priority group, those who will not survive without treatment. [Fr. sorting]

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tri·age trē-'äzh, 'trē-. n
1) the sorting of and allocation of treatment to patients and esp. battle and disaster victims according to a system of priorities designed to maximize the number of survivors
2) the sorting of patients (as in an emergency room) according to the urgency of their need for care
triage vt

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n.
a system whereby a group of casualties or other patients is sorted according to the seriousness of their injuries or illnesses so that treatment priorities can be allocated between them. In emergency situations it is designed to maximize the number of survivors.

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tri·age (tre-ahzhґ) (treґahzh) [Fr. “sorting”] 1. the sorting out and classification of casualties of war or other disaster, to determine priority of need and proper place of treatment. 2. by extension, the sorting and prioritizing of patients for treatment in nonemergency health care settings.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • triage — [ trijaʒ ] n. m. • 1317; de trier 1 ♦ Fait de trier, de choisir dans un ensemble ou de répartir; son résultat. ⇒ choix , sélection, 1. tri. Il « fit un soigneux triage de sa monnaie » (Baudelaire). « Le triage [du linge] dura une grosse demi… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Triage — anlässlich einer Übung am Schadensplatz Französische Triage Station im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • triage — Triage. s. m. Choix. Il signifie & l action par laquelle on choisit, & la chose choisie. Faire le triage. voila un beau triage. Triage, en terme d Eaux & forests, se dit de Certains contours, de certains quartiers de bois, eu égard aux coupes qu… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Triage — es un procedimiento mediante el cual se hace una revisión y clasificación de víctimas para establecer la gravedad, y de acuerdo a esta, prioridades en tratamiento y nivel de complejidad que requiere cada paciente para su remisión. La persona a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • triage — 1727, action of assorting according to quality, from Fr. triage a picking out, sorting, from O.Fr. trier to pick, cull (see TRY (Cf. try)). There seems to be some influence from or convergence with L. tria three (e.g. triage for coffee beans of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Triage — (fr., spr. Triasch), das Ausgesuchte od. Ausgestoßene einer Waare. Daher Triagekaffee (Café triage), der mit zerbrochenen Bohnen untermengte Kaffee …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Triage — (franz., spr. āsch ), Ausschuß, Ware, aus der das Beste ausgesucht ist; insbes. Kaffeeabfall …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Triage — (frz., spr. ahsch), das Ausgeschiedene, Ausgesonderte einer Ware, insbes. Kaffeeabfall …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Triage — triage, triège nm terroir Normandie. Var.: triaige …   Glossaire des noms topographiques en France

  • triage — ► NOUN 1) the action of sorting according to quality. 2) Medicine the assignment of degrees of urgency to wounds or illnesses to decide the order of treatment of a large number of patients. ORIGIN French, from trier separate out …   English terms dictionary

  • triage — [trē äzh′, trē′äzh΄] n. [Fr, a sifting < trier, to sift: see TRY & AGE] 1. a system of assigning priorities of medical treatment based on urgency, chance for survival, etc. and used on battlefields and in hospital emergency wards 2. any system …   English World dictionary

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