Kupffer cell

Kupf·fer cell 'ku̇p-fər- also Kupf·fer's cell -fərz- n a fixed macrophage of the walls of the liver sinusoids that is stellate with a large oval nucleus and the cytoplasm commonly packed with fragments resulting from phagocytic action
Kupffer Karl Wilhelm von (1829-1902)
German anatomist. Kupffer described the large stellate cells in the lining of the sinusoids of the liver first in 1876 and again in 1899. His observations led to a better understanding of the reticuloendothelial system.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kupffer cell — Kupffer cells, also known as Browicz Kupffer cells, are specialized macrophages located in the liver that form part of the reticuloendothelial system (aka: mononuclear phagocyte system). HistoryThe cells were first observed by Karl Wilhelm von… …   Wikipedia

  • Kupffer cell — ▪ anatomy       any of the stellate (star shaped) cells in the linings of the liver sinusoids. The sinusoids are microscopic blood channels. The Kupffer cells are phagocytic, i.e., capable of ingestion of other cells and of foreign particles.… …   Universalium

  • Kupffer cell — [ kʊpfə] noun Anatomy a phagocytic liver cell, involved in the breakdown of red blood cells. Origin early 20th cent.: named after the Bavarian anatomist Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer …   English new terms dictionary

  • kupffer cell — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kupffer cell sarcoma — hepatic angiosarcoma …   Medical dictionary

  • Kupffer's cell — noun specialized cells in the liver that destroy bacteria, foreign proteins, and worn out blood cells • Hypernyms: ↑cell • Part Holonyms: ↑liver * * * noun see kupffer cell …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cell — The basic structural and functional unit in people and all living things. Each cell is a small container of chemicals and water wrapped in a membrane. Each cell in the human body there are 100 trillion cells in each of us contains the entire… …   Medical dictionary

  • Kupffer cells — phagocytic cells that line the sinusoids of the liver (see macrophage). They are particularly concerned with the formation of bile and are often seen to contain fragments of red blood cells and pigment granules that are derived from the breakdown …   Medical dictionary

  • Kupffer's vesicle — a small ventro caudal epithelial pocket formed mid ventrally posterior the the yolk cell or its extension as the blastopore narrows in embryonic fish …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • Kupffer — Karl W. von, German anatomist, 1829–1902. See K. cells, under cell …   Medical dictionary

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