Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
- liver) vein by the transjugular approach (through the jugular vein) followed by puncture of an intrahepatic portal vein and placement and expansion of a stent to connect the liver tissue at this juncture. This type of shunt has been used in the treatment of complications of portal hypertension (high blood pressure to the liver), particularly in patients with cirrhosis. The shunt helps remove fluid build-up from the abdomen appears to prolong the survival of patients with cirrhosis better than repeat draining of the excess fluid. The build-up of fluid in the abdomen (ascites) is common in patients with cirrhosis and can impair breathing due to pressure from the fluid on the diaphragm. The procedure is done in community hospitals as well as in university centers. The shunt is placed while the patient is under local anesthesia, eliminating the need for surgery. It forms a highly effective connection between the portal and systemic circulations. Complications of the procedure include encephalopathy (a disorder of the brain) as well as liver failure.
* * *(TIPS) an artificial percutaneous shunt between the hepatic and portal veins within the liver with placement of an expandable stent in the tract created; it is done by a transjugular route under radiologic guidance for treatment of bleeding esophageal varices.
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt — Interventions infobox Name = PAGENAME Caption = ICD10 = ICD9 = 39.1 MeshID = OtherCodes = A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, also TIPS, is an artificial channel in the liver from the portal vein to a hepatic vein (for blood). It is… … Wikipedia
Transjugular, intrahepatic, portosystemic shunt (TIPS) — A shunt (tube) placed between the portal vein which carries blood from the intestines to the liver and the hepatic vein which carries blood from the liver back to the heart. It is used primarily (but not exclusively) in patients with cirrhosis in … Medical dictionary
Shunt, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic — A shunt that allows blood from the portal circulation (that supplies the liver) to flow into the systemic (general) circulation. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt involves catheterization of a hepatic (liver) vein by the transjugular… … Medical dictionary
Shunt, transjugular, intrahepatic, portosystemic (TIPS) — A shunt (tube) placed between the portal vein which carries blood from the intestines to the liver and the hepatic vein which carries blood from the liver back to the heart. It is used primarily (but not exclusively) in patients with cirrhosis in … Medical dictionary
Shunt intra-hépatique par voie transjugulaire — Un shunt intra hépatique par voie transjugulaire (en anglais Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt communément abrégé en TIPS ou TiPSS) est un canal artificiel créé dans le foie entre la veine porte et une veine sus hépatique. Il est créé … Wikipédia en Français
Shunt — 1) To move a body fluid, such as cerebrospinal fluid, from one place to another. 2) A catheter (tube) that carries cerebrospinal fluid from a ventricle in the brain to another area of the body. A shunt may be placed to relieve pressure from… … Medical dictionary
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TIPS — • Transjugular Intrahepatic Portacaval Shunt [study]; • transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt … Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations
TIPS — Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (Comunicación portosistémica intrahepática transyugular). Es una prótesis tubular implantada por vía yugular para hacer una derivación porto cava … Diccionario de siglas médicas y otras abreviaturas