intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation

intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation n counterpulsation in which cardiocirculatory assistance is provided by a balloon inserted in the thoracic aorta which is inflated during diastole and deflated just before systole

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation — ¦in.trə(ˈ)ā¦ȯr|d.ik, ȯ(ə)|, |tik, ēk, trä noun : counterpulsation in which circulatory assistance is provided by a balloon inserted in the thoracic aorta which is inflated during diastole and deflated just before systole …   Useful english dictionary

  • intra-aortic balloon pump — (IABP) a pump used in intra aortic balloon counterpulsation (q.v.) …   Medical dictionary

  • Intra-aortic balloon pump — The Intra aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a mechanical device that is used to decrease myocardial oxygen demand while at the same time increasing cardiac output. By increasing cardiac output it also increases coronary blood flow and therefore… …   Wikipedia

  • intra-aortic balloon (IAB) counterpulsation — circulatory support provided by a balloon inserted into the thoracic aorta, which is inflated during diastole (enhancing coronary perfusion pressure) and deflated during systole, resulting in a decrease in afterload and improvement in cardiac… …   Medical dictionary

  • intra-aortic — in·tra aor·tic ā ȯrt ik adj 1) situated or occurring within the aorta 2) of, relating to, or used in intra aortic balloon counterpulsation <an intra aortic balloon pump> * * * in·tra aor·tic (in″trə a orґtik) within the aorta …   Medical dictionary

  • counterpulsation — A means of assisting the failing heart by automatically removing arterial blood just before and during ventricular ejection and returning it to the circulation during diastole; a balloon catheter is inserted into the aorta and activated by an… …   Medical dictionary

  • counterpulsation — ¦ ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷ ˌ noun Etymology: counter + pulsation : a technique for reducing the work load on the heart by the automatic lowering of systemic blood pressure just before or during expulsion of blood from the ventricle and by the automatic raising… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Enhanced external counterpulsation — External counterpulsation (ECP) is a procedure performed on individuals with ischemic cardiomyopathy in order to diminish the symptoms of their ischemia. In various studies, ECP has been shown to relieve angina1,2, improve exercise tolerance³,… …   Wikipedia

  • IABC — intra aortic balloon counterpulsation …   Medical dictionary

  • IABCP — intra aortic balloon counterpulsation …   Medical dictionary

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