Glauber's salt

Glau·ber's salt .glau̇-bər(z)- also Glau·ber salt -bər- n a colorless crystalline sodium sulfate Na2SO4·10H2O used esp. in dyeing, as a cathartic, and in solar energy systems sometimes used in pl.
Glauber Johann Rudolf (1604-1670)
German physician and chemist. Glauber was both an alchemist and a serious chemist. As an alchemist he was a follower of Paracelsus and dealt extensively in secret chemicals and medicinals. As a chemist he made several important contributions. In 1648 he first prepared hydrochloric acid from common salt and sulfuric acid. Substituting potassium nitrate for common salt, he observed the formation of nitric acid. Of the various salts he prepared, the most important is the one now known as Glauber's salt, which he first made in 1656. His observations on dyeing are also noteworthy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Glauber's salt — Salt Salt, n. [AS. sealt; akin to OS. & OFries. salt, D. zout, G. salz, Icel., Sw., & Dan. salt, L. sal, Gr. ?, Russ. sole, Ir. & Gael. salann, W. halen, of unknown origin. Cf. {Sal}, {Salad}, {Salary}, {Saline}, {Sauce}, {Sausage}.] 1. The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Glauber's salt — Glau ber s salt or Glauber s salts Glau ber s salts [G. glaubersalz, from Glauber, a German chemist who discovered it. See {Glauberite}.] Sulphate of soda, a well known cathartic. It is a white crystalline substance, with a cooling, slightly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Glauber's salt — [glou′bərz] n. [after J. R. Glauber (1604 68), Ger chemist] hydrated sodium sulfate, Na2SO4·10H2O, a crystalline salt used in medicine as a cathartic or diuretic, and in heating systems, etc.: also Glauber salt (or salts) …   English World dictionary

  • Glauber's salt — Sodium sulphate So di*um sul phate A salt well known as a catharic under the name of {Glauber s salt}, which term is properly applied to the hydrate, {Na2SO4.10H2O}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Glauber's salt — noun Etymology: Johann R. Glauber died 1668 German chemist Date: 1736 a colorless crystalline sulfate of sodium Na2SO4•10H2O used especially in dyeing, as a cathartic, and in solar energy systems sometimes used in plural; called also Glauber salt …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Glauber's salt — /glow beuhrz/ the decahydrate form of sodium sulfate, a colorless, crystalline, water soluble solid, Na2SO410H2O, used chiefly in textile dyeing and as a cathartic. Also, Glauber salt. [1730 40; named after J. R. Glauber (1604 68), German… …   Universalium

  • Glauber's salt — Glau′ber s salt′ [[t]ˈglaʊ bərz[/t]] n. chem. a form of sodium sulfate, a colorless, crystalline, water soluble solid, Na2SO4•10H2O, used chiefly in textile dyeing and as a cathartic • Etymology: 1730–40; after J. R. Glauber (1604–68), German… …   From formal English to slang

  • Glauber's salt — n. (also Glauber s salts) a crystalline hydrated form of sodium sulphate used esp. as a laxative. Etymology: J. R. Glauber, Ger. chemist d. 1668 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Glauber's salt — [ glaʊbəz, glɔ: ] noun a crystalline hydrated form of sodium sulphate, formerly used as a laxative. Origin C18: named after the 17th cent. German chemist Johann R. Glauber …   English new terms dictionary

  • Glauber's Salt —   A salt, sodium sulfate decahydrate, that melts at 90 degrees Fahrenheit; a component of eutetic salts that can be used for storing heat …   Energy terms

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