gas gangrene

gas gangrene n progressive gangrene marked by impregnation of the dead and dying tissue with gas and caused by one or more toxin-producing bacteria of the genus Clostridium that enter the body through wounds and proliferate in necrotic tissue

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death and decay of wound tissue infected by the soil bacterium Clostridium. Toxins produced by the bacterium cause putrefactive decay of connective tissue with the generation of gas. Treatment is usually by surgery.

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gaseous gangrene 1. an acute, severe, painful condition, often resulting from dirty, lacerated wounds, with muscles and subcutaneous tissues becoming filled with gas and a serosanguineous exudate. The condition is due to infection by anaerobic bacteria, among which are Clostridium perfringens, C. novyi, C. septicum, C. sporogenes, and other species of Clostridium. Called also clostridial myonecrosis. 2. a similar condition in domestic animals, such as occurs with malignant edema, blackleg, and braxy.

Extensive gas gangrene due to Clostridium perfringens that has developed in an untreated knife wound.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gas gangrene — Classification and external resources Photograph before right leg amputation (hemipelvectomy) of a patient with gas gangrene. The right thigh is swollen, edematous and discoloured with necrotic bullae (large blisters). An impressive crepitation… …   Wikipedia

  • gas gangrene — n. a gangrene in which gas bacilli multiply in extensive, dirty wounds, producing severe pain, swollen, gas filled tissue, and toxemia …   English World dictionary

  • gas gangrene — gas′ gan grene n. pat a gangrenous infection developing in wounds, esp. deep wounds with closed spaces, caused by bacteria that form gases in the subcutaneous tissues • Etymology: 1910–15 …   From formal English to slang

  • gas gangrene — noun (pathology) a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death; can be used as a bioweapon • Syn: ↑clostridial myonecrosis, ↑emphysematous gangrene, ↑emphysematous phlegmon,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • gas gangrene — noun Date: 1914 progressive gangrene marked by impregnation of the dead and dying tissue with gas and caused by one or more toxin producing clostridia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gas gangrene — (gang grĭn) A type of gangrene that arises from dirty, lacerated wounds infected by anaerobic bacteria, especially species of Clostridium. As the bacteria grow, they release toxins and ferment carbohydrates to produce carbon dioxide and hydrogen… …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • gas gangrene — noun rapidly spreading gangrene affecting injured tissue infected by a soil bacterium and accompanied by the evolution of foul smelling gas …   English new terms dictionary

  • gas gangrene — death and decay of wound tissue infected by the soil bacterium Clostridium perfringens. Toxins produced by the bacterium cause putrefactive decay of connective tissue with the generation of gas. Treatment is usually by surgery …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • gas gangrene — /ˈgæs gæŋgrin/ (say gas ganggreen) noun a gangrenous infection developing in wounds, especially deep wounds with closed spaces, due to bacteria which form gases in the subcutaneous tissues …   Australian English dictionary

  • gas gangrene — Pathol. a gangrenous infection developing in wounds, esp. deep wounds with closed spaces, caused by bacteria that form gases in the subcutaneous tissues. [1910 15] * * * …   Universalium

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