- The enzymatic digestion of cells by enzymes present within them. The cells most susceptible to autolysis tend to be dying or dead cells. Pronounced aw-tol´i-sis.
* * *1. Enzymatic digestion of cells (especially dead or degenerate) by enzymes present within them (autogenous). 2. Destruction of cells as a result of a lysin formed in those cells or others in the same organism. SYN: autocytolysis, autodigestion, isophagy. [auto- + G. lysis, dissolution]
* * *au·tol·y·sis -ə-səs n, pl -y·ses -ə-.sēz breakdown of all or part of a cell or tissue by self-produced enzymes called also self-digestionau·to·lyt·ic .ȯt-əl-'it-ik adj
* * *n.the destruction of tissues or cells brought about by the actions of their own enzymes. See lysosome.
* * *au·tol·y·sis (aw-tolґĭ-sis) [auto- + -lysis] digestion of cellular components by endogenous hydrolases released from lysosomes following cell death, seen as a postmortem change and in certain pathological conditions.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
autolysis — n. 1. lysis of cells or tissues due to enzymatic activity from within the cell, as contrasted with externally induced lysis. Note: Autolysis occurs to tissues of higher animals when they are detached from the organism. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
autolysis — [ô täl′ə sis] n. [ AUTO + LYSIS] the destruction of cells or tissues by their own enzymes, as after death or in some diseases autolytic [ôt΄ə lit′ik] adj … English World dictionary
autolysis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1902 breakdown of all or part of a cell or tissue by self produced enzymes • autolytic adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
autolysis — the breakdown of proteins, fats and other body components of fish after death caused by the action of enzymes. The rate depends on temperature … Dictionary of ichthyology
autolysis — n. [Gr. autos, self; lysis, loosen] The degradation of tissues after death of a cell by the contained autogenous enzymes. autolytic a; see heterolysis … Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
autolysis — Spontaneous lysis (rupture) of cells or organelles produced by the release of internal hydrolyic enzymes. Normally associated with the release of lysosomal enzymes … Dictionary of molecular biology
autolysis — autolytic /awt l it ik/, adj. /aw tol euh sis/, n. Biochem. the breakdown of plant or animal tissue by the action of enzymes contained in the tissue affected; self digestion. [1900 05; AUTO 1 + LYSIS] * * * … Universalium
autolysis — noun a) The destruction of an organisms cells by enzymes produced by the organism itself. b) The autodigestion of the tissues of an organism … Wiktionary
autolysis — n. breakdown of tissue as a result of digestive enzymes present in the tissue (symptom of malnutrition) … English contemporary dictionary
autolysis — [ɔ: tɒlɪsɪs] noun Biology the destruction of cells or tissues by their own enzymes. Derivatives autolytic adjective … English new terms dictionary