diabetes insipidus

diabetes in·sip·i·dus -in-'sip-əd-əs n a disorder that is caused by insufficient secretion of vasopressin by the pituitary gland or by a failure of the kidneys to respond to circulating vasopressin and that is characterized by intense thirst and by the excretion of large amounts of urine see central diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

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a rare metabolic disorder in which the patient produces large quantities of dilute urine and is constantly thirsty. It is due to deficiency of the pituitary hormone vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone), which regulates reabsorption of water in the kidneys, and is treated by administration of the hormone. See also water-deprivation test.

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any of several types of polyuria in which the volume of urine exceeds 3 liters per day, causing dehydration and great thirst, as well as sometimes emaciation and great hunger. The underlying cause may be hormonal (central d. insipidus) or renal (nephrogenic d. insipidus).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diabetes insipidus — Classification and external resources Vasopressin ICD 10 E …   Wikipedia

  • Diabetes insipidus — diabetes di a*be tes, n. [NL., from Gr. ?, fr. ? to pass or cross over. See {Diabase}.] (Med.) Any of several diseases which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine; when used without qualification, the term usually refers to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • diabetes insipidus — [in sip′i dəs] n. 〚ModL, lit., insipid diabetes〛 a disorder caused by a pituitary deficiency and characterized by the heavy discharge of urine and intense thirst * * * Endocrine disorder causing extreme thirst and excessive production of very… …   Universalium

  • diabetes insipidus — [in sip′i dəs] n. [ModL, lit., insipid diabetes] a disorder caused by a pituitary deficiency and characterized by the heavy discharge of urine and intense thirst …   English World dictionary

  • diabetes insipidus — diabetes insipidus. См. несахарный диабет. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Diabetes insipidus — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 E23.2 Hypophysärer Diabetes insipidus N25.1 Renaler Diabetes insipidus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diabetes insipidus — ADH Mangel * * * Diabetes insipidus   [lateinisch insipidus »unschmackhaft« (hier im Hinblick auf den Harn: ohne den charakteristischen süßen Geschmack wie bei Diabetes mellitus)] der, , Wasserharnruhr, Stoffwechselstörung mit abnorm gesteigerter …   Universal-Lexikon

  • diabetes insipidus — noun a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme… …   Useful english dictionary

  • diabetes insipidus — [ɪn sɪpɪdəs] noun a rare form of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hormone vasopressin, which regulates kidney function. Origin C19: from diabetes + L. insipidus insipid …   English new terms dictionary

  • diabetes insipidus — noun A disease characterized by excretion of large amount of severely diluted urine, which cannot be reduced when fluid intake is reduced. It is generally related to a tumor or insult to the pituitary gland, where the hormonal signals the… …   Wiktionary

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