- femur) at its bony prominence called the greater trochanter. The gluteus maximus muscle covers over the piriformis muscle in the buttocks. The doctor can often detect tenderness of the piriformis muscle during a rectal examination. The piriformis syndrome is treated with rest and measures to reduce inflammation of the piriformis muscle and its tendon. Treatments include piriformis stretching exercises, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, and pain medications. With persistent symptoms, further treatment can include local injection of anesthetic and cortisone medication. Rarely, for severe cases, surgery is performed to relieve the pressure irritating the sciatic nerve. During surgical operations, the piriformis muscle is either thinned, elongated, divided, or removed.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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