Syndrome, Patau

Trisomy 13 syndrome or three chromosome number 13s instead of the normal two. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to an extra chromosome #13 Named after the late Klaus Patau who described the extra chromosome in 1960. This is trisomy 13 syndrome. There are three rather than the normal two chromosomes #13. Children with this syndrome have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #13. The malformations commonly include scalp defects, hemangiomas (blood vessel malformations) of the face and nape of the neck, cleft lip and palate, malformations of the heart and abdominal organs, and flexed fingers with extra digits. The mental retardation is profound. The IQ is untestably low. The majority of trisomy 13 babies die soon after birth or in infancy. Named after the late Klaus Patau who discovered the extra chromosome in 1960.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patau syndrome — Classification and external resources Chromosome 13 ICD 10 Q91.4 Q …   Wikipedia

  • Patau syndrome — Patau syndrome. См. синдром трисомии D. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Syndrome de Bartholin-Patau — Trisomie 13 La trisomie 13 est la pathologie qui résulte de la présence d’un chromosome 13 supplémentaire. La formule chromosomique des patients est donc de 47 chromosomes au lieu des 46 chromosomes de l’espèce humaine. Klaus Patau est le premier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Syndrome de Patau — Trisomie 13 La trisomie 13 est la pathologie qui résulte de la présence d’un chromosome 13 supplémentaire. La formule chromosomique des patients est donc de 47 chromosomes au lieu des 46 chromosomes de l’espèce humaine. Klaus Patau est le premier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patau syndrome — Pa·tau syndrome pä tau̇ or Patau s syndrome tau̇z n trisomy 13 Patau Klaus (fl 1960) American (German born) geneticist. Associated with the University of Wisconsin at Madison, Patau and his colleagues in 1960 became the first to attribute the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Patau-Syndrom — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 Q91.4 Trisomie 13, meiotische Non disjunction Q91.5 Trisomie 13, Mosaik (mitotische Non disjunction) Q91.6 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pätau-Syndrom — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 Q91.4 Trisomie 13, meiotische Non disjunction Q91.5 Trisomie 13, Mosaik (mitotische Non disjunction) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patau syndrome (trisomy 13 syndrome) — A syndrome characterized by multiple malformations, commonly including scalp defects, hemangiomas (blood vessel malformations) of the face and nape of the neck, cleft lip and palate, malformations of the heart and abdominal organs, and flexed… …   Medical dictionary

  • Syndrome, trisomy 13 — Condition with three rather than the normal two chromosomes #13. Children born with this syndrome have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #13. The congenital malformations (birth defects) commonly include… …   Medical dictionary

  • syndrome — The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, and constituting together the picture of the disease. SEE ALSO: disease. [G. s., a running together, tumultuous concourse; (in med.) a concurrence of symptoms, fr. syn,… …   Medical dictionary

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