Crohn's disease

Crohn's disease 'krōnz- also Crohn disease 'krōn- n chronic ileitis that typically involves the distal portion of the ileum, often spreads to the colon, and is characterized by diarrhea, cramping, and loss of appetite and weight with local abscesses and scarring called also regional enteritis, regional ileitis
Crohn Burrill Bernard (1884-1983)
American physician. Crohn spent his career studying diseases of the intestines. In 1932 he published an article on regional ileitis. Since then that disease has also been known as Crohn's disease.

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a condition in which segments of the alimentary tract become inflamed, thickened, and ulcerated. It usually affects the terminal part of the ileum; its acute form (acute ileitis) may mimic appendicitis. Chronic disease often causes partial obstruction of the intestine, leading to pain, diarrhoea, and malabsorption. fistula around the anus, between adjacent loops of intestine, or from intestine to skin, bladder, etc., are characteristic complications. The cause is unknown, but it is thought that an infectious agent might initiate the process (see Mycobacterium). Treatment includes rest, corticosteroids, immunosuppressant drugs, antibiotics, dietary modification, or (in some cases) surgical removal of the affected part of the intestine. Alternative names: regional enteritis, regional ileitis.
B. B. Crohn (1884-1983), US physician

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crohn's disease — Classification and external resources The three most common sites of intestinal involvement in Crohn s disease are ileal, ileocolic and colonic.[ …   Wikipedia

  • Crohn's disease — Crohn s′ disease [[t]kroʊnz[/t]] n. pat a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that causes scarring and thickening of the intestinal walls and frequently leads to obstruction Also called ileitis • Etymology: after Burrill Bernard Crohn (1884–1983) …   From formal English to slang

  • Crohn's disease — [krōnz] n. [after B. B. Crohn (1884 1983), U.S. physician, coauthor of an article about the disease (1932)] chronic inflammation of the digestive tract, esp. of the lower small intestine and colon, which may develop thick scars …   English World dictionary

  • Crohn's disease — 1935, for U.S. pathologist B.B. Crohn (1884 1983), one of the team that wrote the article describing it in 1932 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Crohn's disease — /krohnz/, Pathol. a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that causes scarring and thickening of the intestinal walls and frequently leads to obstruction. Also called regional ileitis, regional enteritis. [named after Burrill Bernard Crohn (1884… …   Universalium

  • Crohn's disease — n. chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract (causes abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, vomiting, loss of appetite and weight loss), disease named after Burrill Bernard Crohn …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Crohn's disease — noun Etymology: Burrill B. Crohn died 1983 American physician Date: 1935 a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract that typically involves the distal portion of the ileum and is characterized by cramping and diarrhea …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Crohn's disease — noun Crohn’s regional enteritis, a chronic inflammatory disease that can involve any part of the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus …   Wiktionary

  • Crohn's disease — [ krəʊnz] noun a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, especially the colon and ileum, associated with ulcers and fistulae. Origin 1930s: named after the American pathologist Burrill B. Crohn …   English new terms dictionary

  • Crohn's disease — a condition in which segments of the alimentary tract become inflamed, thickened, and ulcerated. It usually affects the terminal part of the ileum; its acute form (acute ileitis) may mimic appendicitis. Chronic disease often causes partial… …   The new mediacal dictionary


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