chondroitin sulfate

chondroitin sulfate n any of several sulfated forms of chondroitin found in various tissues (as cartilage, adult bone, and tendons)

* * *

chon·dro·i·tin sul·fate (kon-droґĭ-tin) 1. a glycosaminoglycan that predominates in the ground substance of cartilage, bone, and blood vessels but also occurs in other connective tissues. It consists of repeating disaccharide units in specific linkage, each composed of a glucuronic acid residue linked to a sulfated N-acetylgalactosamine residue. There are two forms: chondroitin 4-sulfate (chondroitin sulfate A) and chondroitin 6-sulfate (chondroitin sulfate C), named for the position of the sulfate group on the sugar. One or both types accumulate abnormally in several mucopolysaccharidoses. Chondroitin sulfate B is now called dermatan sulfate. 2. a preparation of chondroitin sulfate from bovine tracheal cartilage, administered orally for the treatment of osteoarthritis and joint pain.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chondroitin sulfate — Chemical structure of one unit in a chondroitin sulfate chain. Chondroitin 4 sulfate: R1 = H; R2 = SO3H; R3 = H. Chondroitin 6 sulfate: R1 = SO3H; R2, R3 = H …   Wikipedia

  • chondroitin sulfate — The major glycosaminoglycan (a type of sugar molecule) in cartilage …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Chondroitin-sulfate-ABC exolyase — Identifiers EC number Databases IntEnz IntEnz view …   Wikipedia

  • Chondroitin-sulfate-ABC endolyase — Identifiers EC number Databases IntEnz IntEnz view …   Wikipedia

  • Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan — Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are proteoglycans[1] consisting of a core protein and chondroitin sulfate. They are structural components of a variety of human tissues, for example of cartilage. The following CSPGs have been identified …   Wikipedia

  • Chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase — Identifiers EC number CAS number 83589 04 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Chondroitin 6-sulfotransferase — Identifiers EC number CAS number 83589 04 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Chondroitin — is a chondrin derivative.[1] Types include: Chondroitin sulfate Dermatan sulfate References ^ MeSH Chondroitin …   Wikipedia

  • Sulfate de chondroïtine — Structure de base du sulfate de chondroïtine Général No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chondroitin B lyase — Identifiers EC number CAS number 52227 83 5 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.