- A study done at a single point in time rather than over the course of a period of time (longitudinally).
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Study, longitudinal — A study done over the passage of time. For example, a longitudinal study of children with Down syndrome (trisomy 21) might involve the study of 100 children with this condition from birth to 10 years of age. Also called a diachronic study. The… … Medical dictionary
Study, cross-sectional — A study done at one time, not over the course of time. A cross sectional study a disease such as AIDS might be designed to learn its prevalence and distribution within the population at one point in time. Also known as a synchronic study … Medical dictionary
synchronic linguistics — n. the branch of linguistics that analyzes the structure of a language or languages as static, at a given point in their history * * * ▪ linguistics the study of a language at a given point in time. The time studied may be either the… … Universalium
study — Research, detailed examination, and/or analysis of an organism, object, or phenomena. [L. studium, s., inquiry] analytic s. in epidemiology, a s. designed to examine associations, commonly putative or hypothesized causal relationships; usually… … Medical dictionary
synchronic — syn•chron•ic [[t]sɪnˈkrɒn ɪk, sɪŋ [/t]] adj. ling. of or pertaining to the study of a language as it exists at one point in time without reference to its history: synchronic linguistics Compare diachronic • Etymology: 1825–35 … From formal English to slang
synchronic — Referring to the study of the natural history of a disease by its state and distribution in a population at one time. The inferences about longitudinal course from such a study are warranted only under special conditions, notably that the… … Medical dictionary
synchronic — adjective a) occurring at a specific point in time. b) relating to the study of a language at only one point in its history. Ant: diachronic See Also: synchronous … Wiktionary
synchronic — syn|chron|ic [ sıŋ kranık ] adjective LINGUISTICS relating to the study of something, especially a language, at one particular time without considering its history … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
synchronic — adj. of or pertaining to the study of language or other phenomena from a certain time period without reference to past history or causes; occurring at the same time, synchronous … English contemporary dictionary
synchronic — UK [sɪŋˈkrɒnɪk] / US [sɪŋˈkrɑnɪk] adjective linguistics relating to the study of something, especially a language, at one particular time without considering its history See: diachronic … English dictionary