Brudzinski sign

Brud·zin·ski sign brü-'jin-skē-, brüd-'zin- or Brud·zin·ski's sign -skē(z)- n any of several symptoms of meningeal irritation occurring esp. in meningitis: as
a) flexion of the lower limbs induced by passive flexion of the head on the chest
b) flexion of one lower limb following passive flexion of the other
Brudzinski Josef (1874-1917)
Polish physician. Brudzinski described in 1908 a sign of meningitis in which the passive flexion of one lower limb results in a contralateral reflex in the other. In 1909 he described another sign of meningitis: a bending of the neck results in flexure movements of the ankle, knee, and hip.

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a sign present when there is irritation of the meninges (the membranes covering the brain); it is present in meningitis. As the neck is pulled forward, the hips and knees bend involuntarily.
J. von Brudzinski (1874-1917), Polish physician

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1. in meningitis, flexion of the neck usually results in flexion of the hip and knee; called also neck s. 2. in meningitis, when passive flexion of the lower limb on one side is made, a similar movement will be seen in the opposite limb; called also contralateral s.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brudzinski sign — a sign present when there is irritation of the meninges (the membranes covering the brain); it is present in meningitis. As the neck is pulled forward, the hips and knees bend involuntarily. [von Brudzinski (1874–1917), Polish physician] …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Brudzinski sign (reflex) — Bru·dzin·ski sign (reflex) (broo jinґske) [Jуzef Brudzinski, Polish physician, 1874–1917] see under sign …   Medical dictionary

  • Sign — Any abnormality that indicates a disease process, such as a change in appearance, sensation, or function, that is observed by a physician when evaluating a patient. * * * 1. Any abnormality indicative of disease, discoverable on examination of… …   Medical dictionary

  • Brudzinski — Josef von, Polish physician, 1874–1917. See B. sign …   Medical dictionary

  • Brudzinski reflex — see under sign …   Medical dictionary

  • contralateral sign — Brudzinski s. (def. 2) …   Medical dictionary

  • neck sign — Brudzinski s. (def. 1) …   Medical dictionary

  • Józef Brudziński — Józef Polikarp Brudziński (1874 December 18, 1917) was a Polish pediatrician who was born in the village of Bolewo, near Płock.He studied medicine in Tartu and Moscow, and in 1897 moved to Krakow, where he trained in pediatrics. Later he worked… …   Wikipedia

  • Reflex — A reaction that is involuntary. The corneal reflex is the blink that occurs with irritation of the eye. The nasal reflex is a sneeze. * * * 1. An involuntary reaction in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Meningism — Classification and external resources ICD 10 R29.1 ICD 9 781.6 …   Wikipedia

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