African swine fever

African swine fever n an acute highly contagious usu. fatal febrile disease that affects only swine (family Suidae), that resembles but is more severe than hog cholera, that is indigenous to Africa where wild swine (as the warthog and bushpig) act as natural reservoirs, that has spread to and caused epidemics in the western hemisphere, and that is caused by a double-stranded DNA virus (species African swine fever virus of the genus Asfivirus, family Asfarviridae) having a capsid with icosahedral symmetry called also swine fever

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a highly contagious, usually fatal disease of pigs in Africa, Southern Europe, and Brazil, transmitted by the African swine fever virus; symptoms closely resemble those of hog cholera. Transmission of the virus is by ticks of the genus Ornithodoros, by direct contact, by fomites, or by ingestion of infected meat. In Africa warthogs serve as a reservoir.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • African swine fever — ▪ animal disease also called  warthog fever         highly contagious and usually fatal viral disease of swine that is characterized by high fever, lesions, leukopenia (abnormally low count of white blood cells), elevated pulse and respiration… …   Universalium

  • African swine fever — afrikinis kiaulių maras statusas Aprobuotas sritis gyvūnų užkrečiamosios ligos apibrėžtis Ūminė kontaginė virusinė kiaulių liga, pasireiškianti karščiavimu, hemoragine diateze ir dideliu gaištamumu. santrumpa( os) AKM atitikmenys: lot. Pestis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • african swine fever — noun Usage: usually capitalized A : an acute highly contagious usually fatal virus disease of swine that is caused by a spherical virus containing one linear double stranded molecule of DNA, that resembles but is more severe than hog cholera,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • African swine fever virus — Taxobox color = violet name = African swine fever virus image caption = Electron micrograph of a virus particle virus group = i familia = Asfarviridae genus = Asfivirus species = African swine fever virus African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the… …   Wikipedia

  • African swine fever virus — a double stranded DNA virus that is the etiological agent of African swine fever; it was formerly classified as a member of the Iridoviridae but is now assigned to the genus African swine fever–like viruses, which belongs to no family and of… …   Medical dictionary

  • swine fever — n 1) HOG CHOLERA 2) african swine fever * * * hog cholera …   Medical dictionary

  • swine fever — noun Date: 1886 1. hog cholera 2. an acute highly contagious usually fatal disease of swine that is caused by a double stranded DNA virus (species African swine fever virus of the genus Asfivirus, family Asfarviridae), that resembles but is more… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Classical swine fever — Virus classification Group: Group IV ((+)ssRNA) Family: Flaviviridae Genus …   Wikipedia

  • Fever — Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 degrees F (38 degrees C.).… …   Medical dictionary

  • Africanswine fever — African swine fever n. See hog cholera. * * * …   Universalium

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