Speech disorders

Disorders of the ability to produce normal speech. Speech disorders may affect articulation (phonetic or phonological disorders); fluency (stuttering or cluttering); and/or voice (tone, pitch, volume, or speed). Most speech disorders have their roots in oral-motor differences, although some involve language processing problems. Diagnosis is by testing by a speech pathologist. Treatment is by speech therapy. See also apraxia, aphasia, articulation disorder.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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