Sliding hiatal hernia

Hiatal hernias are categorized as being either sliding or para-esophageal. Sliding hiatal hernias are those in which the junction of the esophagus and stomach, referred to as the gastro- esophageal junction, and part of the stomach protrude into the chest. The junction may reside permanently in the chest, but often it juts into the chest only during a swallow. This occurs because with each swallow the muscle of the esophagus contracts causing the esophagus to shorten and to pull up the stomach. When the swallow is finished, the herniated part of the stomach falls back into the abdomen. Para-esophageal hernias are hernias in which the gastro- esophageal junction stays where it belongs (attached at the level of the diaphragm), but part of the stomach passes or bulges into the chest beside the esophagus. The para- esophageal hernias themselves remain in the chest at all times and are not affected by swallows. A para-esophageal hiatal hernia that is large, particularly if it compresses the adjacent esophagus, may impede the passage of food into the stomach and cause food to stick in the esophagus after it is swallowed. Ulcers also may form in the herniated stomach due to the trauma caused by food that is stuck or acid from the stomach. Fortunately, large para-esophageal hernias are uncommon.

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hiatal hernia in which the upper stomach and the cardioesophageal junction protrude upward into the posterior mediastinum; the protrusion, which may be fixed or intermittent, is partially covered by a peritoneal sac. Called also axial hiatal h. and type I hiatal h.

Sliding hiatal hernia with esophageal ring (arrows).


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Para-esophageal hiatal hernia — Hiatal hernias are categorized as being either para esophageal or sliding. Para esophageal hernias are hernias in which the gastro esophageal junction stays where it belongs (attached at the level of the diaphragm), but part of the stomach passes …   Medical dictionary

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  • Cameron ulcer — a peptic ulcer within a sliding hiatal hernia; it may be accompanied by chronic bleeding or be clinically silent …   Medical dictionary

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