Shock, shell

The World War I name for what is known today as post-traumatic stress, this is a psychological disorder that develops in some individuals who have had major traumatic experiences (and, for example, have been in a serious accident or through a war). The person is typically numb at first but later has symptoms including depression, excessive irritability, guilt (for having survived while others died), recurrent nightmares, flashbacks to the traumatic scene, and overreactions to sudden noises. Post-traumatic stress became known as such in the 70s due to the adjustment problems of some Vietnam veterans. Shots, allergy: Known medically as allergy desensitization or allergy immunotherapy, the injections are designed to stimulate the immune system with gradually increasing doses of the substances to which a person is allergic, the aim being to modify or stop the allergy "war" (by reducing the strength of the IgE and its effect on the mast cells). This form of treatment is very effective for allergies to pollen, mites, cats, and especially stinging insects (e.g., bees, hornets, yellowjackets, wasps, velvet ants, fire ants). Allergy immunotherapy usually takes 6 months to a year to become effective and injections are usually required for 3-5 years.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • shell — n. & v. n. 1 a the hard outer case of many marine molluscs (cockle shell). b the esp. hard but fragile outer covering of a bird s, reptile s, etc. egg. c the usu. hard outer case of a nut kernel, seed, etc. d the carapace of a tortoise, turtle,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • shock — [[t]ʃɒ̱k[/t]] ♦♦ shocks, shocking, shocked 1) N COUNT If you have a shock, something suddenly happens which is unpleasant, upsetting, or very surprising. The extent of the violence came as a shock... He has never recovered from the shock of your… …   English dictionary

  • Shell Shock (disambiguation) — Shell Shock may refer to:* Shell shock, or Combat stress reaction, a psychological term * Shell Shock, a 1964 movie * Shell Shock (Doctor Who), a Dr. Who novella * Shell Shock (robot), a Robot Wars contender …   Wikipedia

  • Shock — may refer to:Medical conditions*Shock (circulatory), a circulatory medical emergency *Acute stress reaction, often termed shock by laypersons, a psychological condition in response to terrifying events *Post traumatic stress disorder, a long term …   Wikipedia

  • shell shock — shell′ shock n. psi mil battle fatigue • Etymology: 1915–20 shell′ shocked , adj …   From formal English to slang

  • shell shock — n. former term for COMBAT FATIGUE shellshocked [shel′shäkt΄] adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • shell shock — n [U] old fashioned a type of mental illness caused by the terrible experiences of fighting in a war or battle …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shell shock — shell ,shock noun uncount a mental illness that affects soldiers who have fought in a war and makes them extremely nervous or confused …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • shell shock — ► NOUN ▪ psychological disturbance caused by prolonged exposure to active warfare …   English terms dictionary

  • shell shock — n. former term for COMBAT FATIGUE shellshocked [shel′shäkt΄] adj …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.