Sella turcica

The "Turkish saddle" in which sits the pituitary gland. The sella is a bony box in the middle of the head. It was called the sella turcica (the Turkish saddle) because of its resemblance to a saddle used by the Turks (and Arabs) which had supports in front and back. (By comparison, the Romans had no saddle but simply rode on a cover tied to the back of the horse.) The "rider" in the sella turcica, the pituitary gland, (sometimes called the master gland) plays a critical role in regulating growth and development, metabolism, and reproduction. It produces a number of hormones including: {{}}Growth hormone which regulates growth; ACTH (adrenocorticotropin hormone) which stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol; Thyrotropin which signals the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormone; Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone which In women, regulate ovulation and estrogen and progesterone production; and In men, regulate sperm formation and testosterone production; and Prolactin which stimulates the breast to produce milk.

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sella tur·ci·ca -'tər-ki-kə, -si- n, pl sellae tur·ci·cae -ki-.kī, -si-.sē a depression in the middle line of the upper surface of the sphenoid bone in which the pituitary gland is lodged

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a depression in the body of the sphenoid bone that encloses the pituitary gland.

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[TA] a transverse depression crossing the midline on the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid bone, and containing the hypophysis.

Sella turcica, in a posterior view of the sphenoid bone.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sella turcĭca — (lat.), Türkensattel, s. Schädel, S. 666 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sella turcica — Infobox Bone Name = Sella turcica Latin = GraySubject = 35 GrayPage = 147 Caption = Sphenoid bone. Upper surface. (There is no label for Sella turcica , but Tuberculum sellae and Fossa hypophyseos are visible near center.) Caption2 = Medial wall… …   Wikipedia

  • Sella turcica — Schädelbasis, Fossa cranii media (grün) Die Fossa cranii media (lat., ‚mittlere Schädelgrube‘) ist ein Abschnitt der Schädelhöhle, der den mittleren Teil des Gehirns, den Schläfenlappen des Großhirns und einen Teil des Stammhirns, beherbergt. Sie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sella turcica — Турецкое седло (лат. sélla túrcica) образование в теле клиновидной кости черепа человека в виде углубления, напоминающего по форме седло. В центре седла располагается гипофизарная ямка, заключающая гипофиз. С переди от ямки располагается бугорок… …   Википедия

  • Sella turcica — turkiškasis balnas statusas T sritis kaulai atitikmenys: lot. Sella turcica ryšiai: platesnis terminas – smegeninis paviršius siauresnis terminas – balno nugarėlė siauresnis terminas – miego kanalo anga siauresnis terminas – posmegeninės liaukos… …   Paukščių anatomijos terminai

  • Sella turcica — turkiškasis balnas statusas T sritis gyvūnų anatomija, gyvūnų morfologija atitikmenys: lot. Sella turcica ryšiai: platesnis terminas – kūnas siauresnis terminas – balno nugarėlė siauresnis terminas – posmegeninės liaukos duobė siauresnis terminas …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

  • Sella turcica — Sẹlla tụrcica [lat. sella = Stuhl, Sessel; Sattel; nlat. turcicus = türkisch] w; , Sẹllae ...cae: „Türkensattel“, längliche, quer verlaufende Vertiefung des Keilbeins, in der die ↑Hypophyse liegt (Anat.) …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • sella turcica — a cavity in the basisphenoid where the adenohypophysis is found …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • sella turcica — (Order Decapoda): In endoskeleton of crab like (brachyuran) decapod, fused and anteriorly extended endosternite on posterior border of last thoracic somite [Stachowitsch, 1992] …   Crustacea glossary

  • sella turcica — a depression in the body of the sphenoid bone that encloses the pituitary gland …   The new mediacal dictionary

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