Seizure, tonic-clonic

The most obvious type of seizure. There are two parts to a tonic-clonic seizure. In the tonic phase the body becomes rigid, and in the clonic phase there is uncontrolled jerking. Tonic-clonic seizures may or may not be preceded by an aura, and are often followed by headache, confusion, and sleep. They may last for mere seconds, or continue for several minutes. If a tonic-clonic seizure does not resolve or if such seizures follow each other in rapid succession, seek emergency help. The person could be in a life-threatening state known as status epilepticus. Also known as grand mal seizures. See

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • tonic-clonic — «TO nihk KLO nihk», adjective. characterized by loss of consciousness and violent muscle spasms; grand mal seizure: »tonic clonic epileptic seizures …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tonic-clonic seizure — Infobox Disease Name = Tonic clonic seizure Caption = DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD10|G|40|3|g|40 ICD9 = ICD9|345.1 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = neuro eMedicineTopic = 376 MeshID = D004830Tonic clonic seizures are a type of generalized… …   Wikipedia

  • tonic-clonic — ton·ic clon·ic tän i(k) klä nik adj relating to, marked by, or being a generalized seizure that is initially tonic and then becomes clonic and is characterized by the abrupt loss of consciousness <tonic clonic epilepsy> <tonic clonic… …   Medical dictionary

  • tonic-clonic seizure — see generalized tonic clonic s …   Medical dictionary

  • generalized tonic-clonic seizure — the seizure of grand mal epilepsy, consisting of a loss of consciousness and generalized tonic convulsions followed by clonic convulsions …   Medical dictionary

  • Tonic (physiology) — Tonic in physiology refers to a muscle which is predominantly toned. The opposite of tonic is phasic.Human tonic musclesIt can specifically refer to a muscle which is composed mainly of slow muscle fibers. As these types of muscles (trapezius,… …   Wikipedia

  • Seizure types — The numerous epileptic seizure types are most commonly defined and grouped according to the scheme proposed by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) in 1981.[1] Distinguishing between seizure types is important since different types of …   Wikipedia

  • Seizure — MeshID = D012640 An epileptic seizure is caused by excessive and/or hypersynchronous electrical neuronal activity, and is usually self limiting.cite journal author = Blume W, Lüders H, Mizrahi E, Tassinari C, van Emde Boas W, Engel J title =… …   Wikipedia

  • Seizure — Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical convulsion, minor physical signs, thought disturbances, or a combination of symptoms. The type of symptoms and seizures depend on where the abnormal electrical activity… …   Medical dictionary

  • tonic seizure — a seizure characterized by tonic but not clonic contractions, usually occurring in Lennox Gastaut syndrome or multiple sclerosis; see also generalized tonic clonic s …   Medical dictionary

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