1) Having a ruddy (reddish) complexion. 2) Cheerful, hopeful, confident, and optimistic; impulsive. The word "sanguine" from the Latin "sanguineus" for "blood" has long been used in English for things relating to the blood. A person who is ruddy in complexion is sanguine. His (or her) ruddy countenance was once thought to be due to their having a predominance of one of the four humors — blood.
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1. SYN: plethoric. 2. Formerly, denoting a temperament characterized by a light, fair complexion, full pulse, good digestion, optimistic outlook, and a quick but not lasting temper. SYN: sanguineous (3). [L. sanguineus]

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san·guine 'saŋ-gwən adj
1 a) consisting of or relating to blood
b) of the complexion RUDDY
2) having blood as the predominating bodily humor also having the bodily conformation and temperament held characteristic of such predominance and marked by sturdiness, high color, and cheerfulness

Medical dictionary. 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • sanguine — [ sɑ̃gin ] n. f. • 1564; pierre sanguine XIIIe; de sanguin 1 ♦ Variété d hématite rouge. ♢ (1694) Crayon fait de cette matière, d un rouge ocre ou pourpre. ♢ Par ext. Dessin exécuté avec ce crayon. Une sanguine de Watteau. Lithographie imitant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sanguine — San guine, a. [F. sanguin, L. sanguineus, fr. sanguis blood. Cf. {Sanguineous}.] 1. Having the color of blood; red. [1913 Webster] Of his complexion he was sanguine. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Like to that sanguine flower inscribed with woe. Milton …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sanguine — refers to a reddish, often tending to brown, color of chalk used in drawing. The word may also refer to a drawing done in sanguine. TechniqueSanguine lends itself naturally to sketches, life drawings, and rustic scenes. It is ideal for rendering… …   Wikipedia

  • sanguine — Sanguine. s. f. Sorte de mine rouge, de pierre rouge dont on fait du crayon. Dessiner avec de la sanguine. un crayon de sanguine. Sanguine, se dit aussi, d Une sorte de pierre precieuse de couleur de sang …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Sanguine — San guine, n. 1. Blood color; red. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. Anything of a blood red color, as cloth. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] In sanguine and in pes he clad was all. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 3. (Min.) Bloodstone. [1913 Webster] 4. Red crayon. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sanguine — early 14c., type of red cloth, from O.Fr. sanguin (fem. sanguine), from L. sanguineus of blood, also bloody, bloodthirsty, from sanguis (gen. sanguinis) blood (see SANGUINARY (Cf. sanguinary)). Meaning blood red is recorded from late 14c. Meaning …   Etymology dictionary

  • sanguine — sanguine, sanguinary Both words are derived from the Latin word sanguis (stem sanguin ) meaning ‘blood’. Sanguine originally meant ‘blood coloured’ but now primarily means ‘optimistic, confident’ from an earlier association of blood (one of the… …   Modern English usage

  • sanguine — [adj1] happy; optimistic animated, assured, buoyant, cheerful, confident, enthusiastic, expectant, hopeful, lively, positive, secure, self assured, self confident, spirited, undoubtful, upbeat; concepts 403,542 Ant. depressed, pessimistic, sad,… …   New thesaurus

  • Sanguine — San guine, v. t. To stain with blood; to impart the color of blood to; to ensanguine. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sanguine — adjective anticipative, assured, bright, buoyant, cheerful, confident, encouraged, enthusiastic, expectant, full of hope, hopeful, in good spirits, inspirited, optimistic, reassured, sanguineous, trustful, trusting, undespairing, undoubting… …   Law dictionary

  • SANGUINE — abluendi fortuitae caedis reum apud Athenienses ritus vide supra voce Abannatio it. Pharmaci …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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