Rhythm, sinus

The normal regular rhythm of the heart set by the natural pacemaker of the heart called the sinoatrial (or sinus) node. It is located in the wall of the right atrium (the right upper chamber of the heart). Normal cardiac impulses start there and are transmitted to the atria and down to the ventricles (the lower chambers of the heart). Sinus arrhythmia refers to the normal increase in heart rate that occurs during inspiration (when you breathe in). This is a normal response and is more accentuated in children than adults. Sinus tachycardia refers to a fast heartbeat (tachycardia) because of rapid firing of the sinoatrial (sinus) node. This occurs in response to exercise, exertion, excitement, pain, fever, excessive thyroid hormone, low blood oxygen (hypoxia), stimulant drugs (such as caffeine), etc. The lack of normal sinus rhythm is an arrhythmia, an abnormal heart rhythm.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Sinus rhythm — The normal regular rhythm of the heart set by the natural pacemaker of the heart called the sinoatrial (or sinus) node. It is located in the wall of the right atrium (the right upper chamber of the heart). Normal cardiac impulses start there and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sinus rhythm — is a term used in medicine to describe the normal beating of the heart, as measured by an electrocardiogram (ECG). It has certain generic features that serve as hallmarks for comparison with normal ECGs. ECG Structure There are typically five… …   Wikipedia

  • Sinus — may refer to:In anatomy, where a sinus is a sac or cavity in any organ or tissue: *Sinus (anatomy), description of the general term *Anal sinuses, the furrows which separate the columns in the rectum *Paranasal sinuses, air cavities in the… …   Wikipedia

  • rhythm — 1. Measured time or motion; the regular alternation of two or more different or opposite states. 2. SYN: r. method. 3. Regular or irregular occurrence of an electrical event in the electrocardiogram or electroencephalogram. SEE ALSO: wave. 4.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sinus bradycardia — SignSymptom infobox Name = Sinus bradycardia ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|427.81 MeshID = D001146 Sinus bradycardia is a heart rhythm that originates from the sinus node and has a rate of under 60bpm.Etiology*This rhythm may be caused by one of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sinus tachycardia — Infobox Disease Name = Sinus tachycardia Caption = DiseasesDB = 12135 ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|427.81 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D013616 Sinus tachycardia (also colloquially known as sinus tach or sinus… …   Wikipedia

  • Sinus tachycardia — A fast heartbeat (tachycardia) because of rapid firing of the sinoatrial (sinus) node. The sinoatrial (or sinus) node is the natural pacemaker of the heart. It is located in the wall of the right atrium (the right upper chamber of the heart).… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sinus bradycardia — A regular but unusually slow heart beat (60 beats/minute or less at rest). Sinus bradycardia can be the result of many things including good physical fitness, medications, and some forms of heart block. Sinus refers to the sinus node, the heart s …   Medical dictionary

  • Sinus arrhythmia — The normal increase in heart rate that occurs during inspiration (when you breathe in). This is a natural response and is more accentuated in children than adults. The sinus refers to the natural pacemaker of the heart which is called the… …   Medical dictionary

  • sinus rhythm — noun Date: 1911 the rhythm of the heart produced by impulses from the sinus node < restored the patient to normal sinus rhythm > …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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