Rhinophyma

Pronounced (ryno-fee-ma), a bulbous enlarged red nose and puffy cheeks (like those of the old comedian W.C. Fields). There may also be thick bumps on the lower half of the nose and the nearby cheek areas. Rhinophyma occurs mainly in men as a complication of rosacea, a common chronic skin disease, and is best treated by surgery. The excess tissue is removed with a scalpel, laser or electrosurgery. Dermabrasion can help improve the final look of the tissue. Rosacea affects the middle third of the face with persistent redness over the areas of the face and nose that normally blush: mainly the forehead, the chin and the lower half of the nose. The tiny blood vessels in these areas enlarge (dilate) and become more visible through the skin, appearing like tiny red lines (called telangiectasias). Pimples can occur that look like teenage acne. Unlike acne, rosacea is not primarily a plague of teenagers. It occurs most often in adults (ages 30 to 50), especially those with fair skin, and affects both sexes but tends to be more common in women but worse in men. Unlike acne, there are no blackheads or whiteheads in rosacea. When rosacea first develops, it may appear, then disappear, and then reappear. However, in time the skin fails to return to its normal color and the enlarged blood vessels and pimples arrive. Rosacea rarely reverses itself. It lasts for years and, untreated, it worsens. About half of all people with rosacea feel burning and grittiness of the eyes (conjunctivitis). If this is not treated, the complications of what is called rosacea keratitis may impair vision. Rosacea can be treated but not cured. Over-the-counter medications for acne can be a hazard; they can irritate the skin in rosacea. Topical antibiotics (such as metronidazole) and oral antibiotics (such as tetracycline) are often used. Short-term topical cortisone (steroid) preparations of the right strength may also be used to reduce local inflammation. Avoiding smoking and food and drink (such as spicy food, hot beverages and alcoholic drinks) that cause flushing helps minimize the blood vessel enlargement. Limiting exposure to sunlight and to extreme hot and cold temperatures also helps relieve rosacea. Rubbing the face tends to irritate the reddened skin. Some cosmetics and hair sprays may aggravate redness and swelling. Facial products such as soap, moisturizers and sunscreens should be free of alcohol or other irritating ingredients. Moisturizers should be applied very gently after any topical medication has dried. When going outdoors, sunscreens with an SPF of 15 or higher are needed. Cover-up make up is used for the telangiectasias. Telangiectasias can be treated with a small electric needle, a laser or surgery to close off the dilated blood vessels.
* * *
Hypertrophy of the nose with follicular dilation, resulting from hyperplasia of sebaceous glands with fibrosis and increased vascularity; a form of acne rosacea. SYN: brandy nose, copper nose, hammer nose, hypertrophic rosacea, potato nose, rum nose, rum-blossom, toper's nose. [rhino- + G. phyma, tumor, growth]

* * *

rhi·no·phy·ma -'fī-mə n, pl -mas or -ma·ta -mət-ə a nodular swelling and congestion of the nose in an advanced stage of rosacea

* * *

n.
a bulbous craggy swelling of the nose, usually in men. It is a complication of rosacea and in no way related to alcohol intake. Paring by plastic surgery may be necessary for cosmetic purposes.

* * *

rhi·no·phy·ma (ri″no-fiґmə) [rhino- + phyma] the most common type of phymatous rosacea, a severe facial condition with sebaceous hyperplasia, seen most often in men, involving the lower half of the nose and sometimes adjacent cheek areas.

Rhinophyma.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rhinophyma — Classification et ressources externes Rhinophyma sévère. CIM 10 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • rhinophyma — ● rhinophyma nom masculin Affection dermatologique du nez, caractéristique de la rosacée (acné se traduisant par la dilatation des petits vaisseaux cutanés et la formation de papulopustules sur le visage). rhinophyma [ʀinofima] n. m. ÉTYM. Déb.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rhinophyma — (griech.), Wucherung der Nase, bei der die Haut, deren Drüsen und das Unterhautbindegewebe beteiligt sind. Es entsteht eine weiche Geschwulst, welche die Größe einer Faust erreichen kann. Veranlassung sind oft wiederkehrende Erysipele oder andre… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rhinophyma — Rhinophȳma (grch.), Pfundnase, höchster Grad der Kupferrose (s.d.); Rhinoplástik operative Bildung einer neuen Nase (s. Plastische Chirurgie); Rhinorrhagīe, Nasenbluten; Rhinorrhaphīe, Nasennaht; Rhinorrhöe, Nasenschleimfluß, Schnupfen;… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rhinophyma — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 96 ICD10 = ICD10|L|71|1|l|60 ICD9 = ICD9|695.3 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D012224 Rhinophyma is a descriptive term for a large, bulbous, ruddy… …   Wikipedia

  • rhinophyma — rhi·no·phyma …   English syllables

  • rhinophyma — n. a bulbous craggy swelling of the nose, usually in men. It is a complication of rosacea and in no way related to alcohol intake. Paring by plastic surgery may be necessary for cosmetic purposes …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • rhinophyma — noun enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin; often associated with excessive consumption of alcohol • Syn: ↑hypertrophic rosacea, ↑toper s nose, ↑brandy nose, ↑rum nose, ↑rum blossom,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ринофима (Rhinophyma) — луковицеобразная припухлость носа, чаще всего наблюдающаяся у мужчин. Ринофима обычно свидетельствует о наличии у человека розовых угрей, а не о чрезмерном потреблении им спиртных напитков. Иногда в косметических целях таким людям приходится… …   Медицинские термины

  • ринофима — (rhinophyma; рино + греч. phyma нарост, разбухание; син.: нос винный, нос шишковидный) хроническое воспаление кожных покровов носа, щек и лба с развитием инфильтратов, на которых располагаются узелки ярко красного цвета и телеангиэктазии …   Большой медицинский словарь

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.