Regional enteritis

Crohn’s disease, a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine primarily in the small and large intestines but which can occur anywhere in the digestive system between the mouth and the anus. Named after Burrill Crohn who described the disease in 1932. The disease usually affects persons in their teens or early twenties. It tends to be chronic, recurrent with periods of remission and exacerbation. In the early stages, it causes small scattered shallow crater-like areas (erosions) called aphthous ulcers in the inner surface of the bowel. With time, deeper and larger ulcers develop, causing scarring and stiffness of the bowel and the bowel becomes increasingly narrowed, leading to obstruction. Deep ulcers can puncture holes in the bowel wall, leading to infection in the abdominal cavity (peritonitis) and in adjacent organs. When only the large intestine (colon) is involved, the condition is called Crohn’s colitis. When only the small intestine is involved, the condition is called Crohn’s enteritis. When only the end of the small intestine (the terminal ileum) is involved, it is termed terminal ileitis. When both the small intestine and the large intestine are involved, the condition is called Crohn’s enterocolitis (or ileocolitis). Abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and weight loss can be symptoms. Crohn’s disease can be associated with reddish tender skin nodules, and inflammation of the joints, spine, eyes, and liver. Diagnosis is by barium enema, barium x-ray of the small bowel, and colonoscopy. Treatment includes medications for inflammation, immune suppression, antibiotics, or surgery. (The disease is also called granulomatous enteritis).

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regional enteritis n CROHN'S DISEASE

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Crohn disease.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • regional enteritis — Chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly the small intestine and colon. Regional enteritis increases the risk for colorectal cancer and small intestine cancer. Also called Crohn disease …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • regional enteritis — noun a serious chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea with abdominal pain and nausea and fever and weight loss • Syn: ↑regional ileitis, ↑Crohn s disease • Hypernyms: ↑colitis, ↑inflammatory bowel… …   Useful english dictionary

  • regional enteritis — Pathol. See Crohn s disease. Also called regional ileitis. * * * …   Universalium

  • regional enteritis — /ˌridʒənəl ɛntəˈraɪtəs/ (say .reejuhnuhl entuh ruytuhs) noun → Crohn s disease …   Australian English dictionary

  • enteritis — n. inflammation of the small intestine, usually causing diarrhoea. Infective enteritis is caused by viruses or bacteria; radiation enteritis is caused by X rays or radioactive isotopes. See also: Crohn s disease (regional enteritis),… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • enteritis — /en teuh ruy tis/, n. 1. Pathol. inflammation of the intestines, esp. the small intestine. 2. Vet. Pathol. distemper1 (def. 1c). [1800 10; < NL; see ENTER , ITIS] * * * ▪ pathology       inflammation of the intestines (especially of the small… …   Universalium

  • enteritis regional — Eng. Regional enteritis Ver enfermedad de Crohn …   Diccionario de oftalmología

  • regional colitis — segmental colitis transmural or granulomatous inflammatory disease of the colon; regional enteritis involving the colon only. It may be associated with ulceration, strictures, or fistulas …   Medical dictionary

  • regional ileitis — noun a serious chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea with abdominal pain and nausea and fever and weight loss • Syn: ↑regional enteritis, ↑Crohn s disease • Hypernyms: ↑colitis, ↑inflammatory bowel …   Useful english dictionary

  • enteritis regional — Véase enfermedad de Crohn. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

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