- joint) is usually formed of fibrous connective tissue and cartilage. Joints are grouped according to their motion: a ball and socket joint; a hinge joint; a condyloid joint (a joint that permits all forms of angular movement except axial rotation); a pivot joint; gliding joint; and a saddle joint. Joints can move in four and only four ways: Gliding — one bony surface glides on another without angular or rotatory movement; Angular — occurs only between long bones, increasing or decreasing the angle between the bones; Circumduction — occurs in joints composed of the head of a bone and an articular cavity, the long bone describing a series of circles, the whole forming a cone; and Rotation — a bone moves about a central axis without moving from this axis.
The word "arthrosis" comes from a Greek root, "arthros" meaning a joint (as in arthritis, inflammation of a joint). The word "joint" itself comes from a Latin root, "junctio" meaning a joining (as in a junction).
* * *- temporomandibular a. a noninfectious degenerative dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint characterized by pain, cracking, and limited mandibular opening. SEE ALSO: myofascial pain-dysfunction syndrome.
* * *1) an articulation or line of juncture between bones2) a degenerative disease of a joint
* * *ar·thro·sis (ahr-throґsis) [arthr- + -osis] arthropathy.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Arthrosis — Ar*thro sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr. a rqron joint.] (Anat.) Articulation. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Arthrōsis — (griech.), Gelenk … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
arthrosis — noun (plural arthroses) Etymology: New Latin, from Greek arthrōsis jointing, articulation, from arthroun to articulate, from arthron Date: 1634 1. an articulation between bones 2. a degenerative disease of a joint … New Collegiate Dictionary
arthrosis — arthrosis1 /ahr throh sis/, n. Anat. junction of two or more bones of the skeleton; joint. [1625 35; < Gk árthrosis joining, articulation, equiv. to arthro (var. s. of arthroûn to fasten by a joint; see ARTHRO ) + sis SIS] arthrosis2 /ahr throh… … Universalium
arthrosis — noun a) Any articulation or joint between bones b) Any degenerative disease of such a joint e.g. osteoarthritis … Wiktionary
arthrosis — ar·thro·sis … English syllables
arthrosis — n. joint or articulation connecting two bones … Dictionary of difficult words
arthrosis — … Useful english dictionary
Arthrosis deformans — Mediale Gonarthrose MR Darstellung eines arthrotischen Kniegelenkes. Deutlich zu sehen sind die … Deutsch Wikipedia
Arthrosis deformans — Ar|thro|sis de|for|mans die; <aus gleichbed. nlat. arthrosis deformans zu ↑Arthrose u. lat. deformans, Part. Präs. zu deformare »entstellen«> degenerative, nicht akut entzündliche Erkrankung eines Gelenks als chronisches Leiden (Med.) … Das große Fremdwörterbuch