Recombinant DNA technology

A series of procedures used to join together (recombine) DNA segments. A recombinant DNA molecule is constructed (recombined) from segments from 2 or more different DNA molecules. Under certain conditions, a recombinant DNA molecule can enter a cell and replicate there, autonomously (on its own) or after it has become integrated into a chromosome.

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a body of techniques that isolate specific DNA sequences, create recombinant molecules by splicing together segments of DNA from different sources, introduce the recombinant sequences into cells and amplify them, and employ the products in a variety of analytic, therapeutic, and industrial applications.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • recombinant DNA technology — Genetics. any of various techniques for separating and recombining segments of DNA or genes, often employing a restriction enzyme to cut a gene from a donor organism and inserting it into a plasmid or viral DNA for transplantation into a host… …   Universalium

  • recombinant DNA technology — rekombinantinės DNR technologija statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis DNR molekulės sukonstravimas ne ląstelėje, sujungiant natūraliai ar sintezės būdu DNR segmentus su gyvos ląstelės DNR molekulėmis, galinčiomis dvigubėti (replikuotis).… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • recombinant DNA technology — noun the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism • Syn: ↑genetic engineering, ↑gene splicing • Hypernyms: ↑biotechnology, ↑biotech * * * Genetics.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • recombinant DNA technology —    Refers specifically to in vitro ligation of two heterologous DNA molecules, for example, the splicing of a human DNA tandem repeat sequence into plasmid pBR322. As a generalization, the technology refers to the new approach of direct DNA… …   Forensic science glossary

  • recombinant DNA technology — The techniques used in carrying out genetic engineering; they involve the identification and isolation of a specific gene, the insertion of the gene into a vector such as a plasmid to form a recombinant molecule, and the production of large… …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • recombinant DNA technology — A set of techniques for manipulating DNA, including: the identification and cloning of genes; the study of the expression of cloned genes; and the production of large quantities of gene product …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • recombinant DNA technology — Genes from one species are introduced into a non related organism …   Combined glossary of agriculture

  • recombinant DNA technology — genetic engineering …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Инженерия Генетическая (Genetic Engineering), Днктехнология Рекомбинантная (Recombinant Dna Technology) — методы изменения признаков, присущих одному организму, путем введения в его молекулы ДНК генов из другого организма. Такая измененная ДНК (она называется рекомбинантная ДНК (recombinant DNA)) обычно получается путем изоляции чужеродных генов… …   Медицинские термины

  • Recombinant DNA — (rDNA) molecules are DNA sequences that result from the use of laboratory methods (molecular cloning) to bring together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences that would not otherwise be found in biological organisms.… …   Wikipedia

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