- eye, a facial bone, the palate, a hip, a knee or another joint, the leg, an arm, etc. A prosthesis is designed for functional or cosmetic reasons or both. A prosthesis may be removable, as in the case of most prosthetic legs or a prosthetic breast form used after mastectomy. A person who uses a removable prosthesis -— for example, an artificial hand -— may want to have more than one available for different types of tasks. Other types of prosthetic devices are permanently implanted, like an artificial hip, testicle or tooth.
With advances in the biomedical sciences, a few experimental prostheses have been integrated with body tissues, including the nervous system. These highly advanced devices can respond to commands from the central nervous system, more closely approximating normal movement and utility. An auditory prosthesis is a device that substitutes for or enhances the ability to hear. It is more commonly called a hearing aide. The word "prosthesis" comes via New Latin from the Greek "prostithenai" meaning "to add to, or to put in addition." The plural of prosthesis is prostheses.
* * *
* * *pros·thet·ic präs-'thet-ik adj1) of, relating to, or being a prosthesis <a \prosthetic device> <\prosthetic limbs> also of or relating to prosthetics <\prosthetic research>2) of, relating to, or constituting a nonprotein group of a conjugated proteinpros·thet·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv
* * *pros·thet·ic (pros-thetґik) 1. pertaining to the use or application of prostheses. 2. serving as a substitute.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Prosthetic — Pros*thet ic, a. [Cf. Gr. ? disposed to add, ? put on.] Of or pertaining to prosthesis; prefixed, as a letter or letters to a word. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
prosthetic — [präs thet′ik] adj. 1. of a prothesis or prosthetics 2. Chem. designating or of any of a number of nonprotein compounds when combined chemically with a protein molecule * * * pros·thet·ic (prŏs thĕtʹĭk) adj. 1. Serving as or relating to a… … Universalium
prosthetic — [präs thet′ik] adj. 1. of a prothesis or prosthetics 2. Chem. designating or of any of a number of nonprotein compounds when combined chemically with a protein molecule … English World dictionary
prosthetic — 1. adjective /ˌprɑsˈθɛtɪk/ artificial, acting as a substitute for part of the body; relating to prosthesis 2. noun /ˌprɑsˈθɛtɪk/ A prosthetic device … Wiktionary
prosthetic — adj. Prosthetic is used with these nouns: ↑arm, ↑leg, ↑limb … Collocations dictionary
prosthetic — [[t]prɒsθe̱tɪk[/t]] ADJ: ADJ n Prosthetic parts of the body are artificial ones used to replace natural ones. [MEDICAL] Syn: artificial … English dictionary
prosthetic — prosthesis ► NOUN (pl. prostheses) ▪ an artificial body part. DERIVATIVES prosthetic adjective. ORIGIN Greek, from prostithenai add … English terms dictionary
prosthetic — adjective Date: circa 1890 1. of or relating to a prosthesis or prosthetics 2. of, relating to, or constituting a nonprotein group of a conjugated protein • prosthetically adverb … New Collegiate Dictionary
prosthetic — pros|thet|ic [ pras θetık ] adjective MEDICAL used for replacing a missing body part … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
prosthetic — prÉ‘s Î¸tÉªk /prÉ’s adj. pertaining to a prosthesis, pertaining to an artificial limb or body part … English contemporary dictionary