- colon). The cause is unknown. It is a form of inflammatory bowel disease and has some similarity to a related disorder, Crohn’s disease. The end of the colon (the rectum) is always involved in ulcerative colitis. When the inflammation is limited to the rectum, as mentioned, it is called ulcerative proctitis. In ulcerative colitis, the inflammation may extend into the upper parts of the colon. When the entire colon is involved, the terms pancolitis or universal colitis are used. The symptoms of ulcerative colitis include crampy abdominal pain, diarrhea, and intermittent rectal bleeding. Ulcerative colitis characteristically waxes and wanes. Many patients experience long remissions, even without medication. Ulcerative colitis may mysteriously resolve (“burn out”) after a long history of symptoms. Direct visualization (proctosigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) with sampling of the lining of the bowel is the most accurate diagnostic test. Especially in new cases, infections and other diseases that can mimic ulcerative colitis have to be considered and excluded. Long-standing ulcerative colitis increases the risk for colon cancer. Ulcerative colitis can also be associated with inflammation in joints, spine, skin, eyes, the liver and its bile ducts. The treatment of ulcerative colitis involves medications and/or surgery. Since inflammatory bowel disease is currently an area of active and productive research, new treatments are anticipated which, it is hoped, will be of value in ulcerative colitis.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Ulcerative colitis — Classification and external resources Endoscopic image of a bowel section known as the sigmoid colon afflicted with ulcerative colitis. The internal surface of the colon is blotchy and broken in places … Wikipedia
Ulcerative proctitis — Ulcerative colitis that is limited to the rectum. Ulcerative colitis itself is a relatively common disease involving inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). The cause is unknown. It is a form of inflammatory bowel disease and has some… … Medical dictionary
Proctitis — Inflammation of the rectum. This may be due to a considerable number of causes, among them infectious agents and ulcerative colitis. Infectious proctitis is often due to agents such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrheae (the bacteria… … Medical dictionary
Proctitis — Infobox Disease Name = Proctitis Caption = DiseasesDB = 25171 ICD10 = ICD10|K|51|2|k|50, ICD10|K|62|7|k|55, ICD10|K|62|8|k|55 ICD9 = ICD9|098.7, ICD9|556.2, ICD9|569.49 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 001139 eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 487 … Wikipedia
Ulcerative colitis — A relatively common disease that causes inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). The cause is unknown. Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease. It has some similarity to a related disorder, Crohn’s disease. The end of… … Medical dictionary
proctitis — n. inflammation of the rectum. Symptoms are ineffectual straining to empty the bowels (tenesmus), diarrhoea, and often bleeding. Proctitis is invariably present in ulcerative colitis and sometimes in Crohn s disease, but may occur independently… … The new mediacal dictionary
proctitis — /prok tuy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the rectum and anus. [PROCT + ITIS] * * * ▪ pathology acute inflammatory infection of the anus and rectum. The most common cause of proctitis is the direct inoculation of pathogenic microorganisms… … Universalium
proctitis — noun inflammation of the rectum; marked by bloody stools and a frequent urge to defecate; frequently associated with Crohn s disease or ulcerative colitis • Hypernyms: ↑inflammation, ↑redness, ↑rubor … Useful english dictionary
idiopathic proctitis — ulcerative p … Medical dictionary
Management of ulcerative colitis — involves first treating the acute symptoms of the disease, then maintaining remission. Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open… … Wikipedia