- PID) which can damage the tube's functioning or leave it partly or completely blocked; Surgery on a Fallopian tube; Surgery in the neighborhood of the Fallopian tube which can leave adhesions (bands of tissue that bind together surfaces); Endometriosis, a condition in which tissue like that normally lining the uterus is found outside the uterus; A prior ectopic pregnancy; A history of repeated induced abortions; A history of infertility problems or medications to stimulate ovulation; and An abnormality in the shape of the Fallopian tube, as with a congenital malformation (a birth defect). A major concern with an ectopic pregnancy is internal bleeding. If there is any doubt, seek medical attention promptly. Pain is usually the first symptom of an ectopic pregnancy. The pain, often one-sided, may be in the pelvis, abdomen or even in the shoulder or neck (due to blood from a ruptured ectopic pregnancy building up under the diaphragm and the pain being "referred" up to the shoulder or neck). The pain is usually sharp and stabbing. Weakness, dizziness or lightheadedness, and a sense of passing out upon standing can represent serious internal bleeding, requiring immediate medical attention. Diagnosis of an ectopic pregnancy includes a pelvic exam to test for pain, tenderness or a mass in the abdomen. The most useful laboratory test is the measurement of the hormone hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). In a normal pregnancy, the level of hCG doubles about every two days during the first 10 weeks whereas in an ectopic pregnancy, the hCG rise is usually slower and lower than normal. Ultrasound can also help determine if a pregnancy is ectopic, as may sometimes culdocentesis, the insertion of a needle through the vagina into the space behind the uterus to see if there is blood there from a ruptured Fallopian tube. Treatment of an ectopic pregnancy is surgery, often by laparoscopy today, to remove the ill-fated pregnancy. A ruptured tube usually has to be removed. If the tube has yet not burst, it may be possible to repair it. The prognosis (outlook) for future pregnancies depends on the extent of the surgery. If the Fallopian tube has been spared, the chance of a successful pregnancy is usually better than 50%. If a Fallopian tube has been removed, an egg can be fertilized in the other tube, and the chance of a successful pregnancy drops somewhat below 50%.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Ectopic pregnancy — eMedicine2|radio|231 MeshID = D011271An ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum is implanted in any tissue other than the uterine wall. Most ectopic pregnancies occur in the Fallopian tube (so called tubal… … Wikipedia
pregnancy — /preg neuhn see/, n., pl. pregnancies. the state, condition, or quality of being pregnant. [1520 30; PREGN(ANT) + ANCY] * * * Process of human gestation that takes place in the female s body as a fetus develops, from fertilization to birth (see… … Universalium
Ectopic pregnancy — A pregnancy that is not in the uterus. The fertilized egg settles and grows in any location other than the inner lining of the uterus. The large majority (95%) of ectopic pregnancies occur in the Fallopian tube. However, they can occur in other… … Medical dictionary
Pregnancy, extrauterine — A pregnancy that is not in the usual place and is located outside the inner lining of the uterus. A fertilized egg settles and grows in any location other than the inner lining of the uterus. The large majority (95%) of extrauterine pregnancies… … Medical dictionary
Pregnancy — The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. This condition can be indicated by positive results on an over the counter urine test, and confirmed through a blood test, ultrasound, detection of fetal heartbeat, or an… … Medical dictionary
ectopic pregnancy — noun pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus • Syn: ↑extrauterine pregnancy, ↑ectopic gestation, ↑extrauterine gestation, ↑eccyesis, ↑metacyesis • Hypernyms: ↑pregnancy, ↑gestation … Useful english dictionary
ectopic pregnancy — ► NOUN ▪ a pregnancy in which the fetus develops outside the womb, typically in a Fallopian tube … English terms dictionary
ectopic pregnancy — ☆ ectopic pregnancy n. a pregnancy with the fertilized ovum developing outside the uterus, as in a Fallopian tube … English World dictionary
ectopic pregnancy — pregnancy that takes place outside the uterus … English contemporary dictionary
ectopic pregnancy — Med. the development of a fertilized ovum outside the uterus, as in a Fallopian tube. Also called extrauterine pregnancy. [1925 30] * * * or extrauterine pregnancy Condition in which a fertilized egg is imbedded outside the uterus (see… … Universalium