Pituitary dwarfism

Dwarfism caused by a lack of growth hormone, usually due to malfunction of the pituitary gland. Children with growth hormone deficiency may grow normally for the first two to three years of life but they then fall behind their peers in height. They are normally proportioned. This is a key point. Treatment is with human growth hormone given in childhood. Also known as hypopituitary dwarfism, hypopituitarism, panhypopituitarism, and growth hormone deficiency.

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a type of dwarfism with retention of infantile characteristics, due to undersecretion of growth hormone and gonadotropin deficiency. Called also hypophysial or Lйvi-Lorain d.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pituitary dwarfism — pituitary dwarfism. См. гипофизарная карликовость. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Dwarfism — This article is about the medical condition. For the legendary creature, see Dwarf (Germanic mythology). For other uses, see Dwarf (disambiguation). Dwarfism Classification and external resources Lavinia Warren …   Wikipedia

  • dwarfism — /dwawr fiz euhm/, n. Med. the condition of being a dwarf or dwarfed. [1860 65; DWARF + ISM] * * * Growth retardation resulting in abnormally short adult stature. It is caused by a variety of hereditary and metabolic disorders. Pituitary dwarfism… …   Universalium

  • pituitary — I. adjective Etymology: Latin pituita phlegm; from the former belief that the pituitary gland secreted phlegm more at pip Date: 1615 1. of or relating to the pituitary gland 2. caused or characterized by secretory disturbances of the pituitary… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pituitary dwarf — a person with pituitary dwarfism. Called also hypophysial d …   Medical dictionary

  • pituitary infantilism — old name for pituitary dwarfism …   Medical dictionary

  • Dwarfism, pituitary — Dwarfism caused by a lack of growth hormone, usually due to malfunction of the pituitary gland. Children with growth hormone deficiency may grow normally for the first two to three years of life but they then fall behind their peers in height.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Dwarfism — Abnormally short stature, which may be due to a variety of causes. Some forms are hereditary. See also {{}}achondroplasia; dwarfism, pituitary. * * * A condition or a group of conditions in which the standing height of the person is below the 3rd …   Medical dictionary

  • Pituitary gland — The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head. It is called the master gland because it produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions including growth. The pituitary consists of the anterior and posterior… …   Medical dictionary

  • Pituitary, anterior — The front portion of the pituitary, a small gland in the head called the master gland. Hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary influence growth, sexual development, skin pigmentation, thyroid function, and adrenocortical function. These… …   Medical dictionary

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