Phocomelia

A congenital malformation (birth defect) in which the hands and feet are attached to abbreviated arms and legs. The word phocomelia combines phoco- (seal) and melia (limb) to designate a limb like a seal's flipper, one consequence of exposure of the developing fetus to thalidomide.

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pho·co·me·lia .fō-kə-'mē-lē-ə n a congenital deformity in which the limbs are extremely shortened so that the feet and hands arise close to the trunk
pho·co·me·lic -'mē-lik adj

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n.
congenital absence of the upper arm and/or upper leg, the hands or feet or both being attached to the trunk by a short stump. The condition is extremely rare except as a side-effect of the drug thalidomide taken during early pregnancy.

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pho·co·me·lia (fo″ko-meґle-ə) [Gr. phōkē seal + -melia] a type of meromelia characterized by absence of the proximal portion of a limb or limbs, the hands or feet being attached to the trunk of the body by a single small, irregularly shaped bone.

Phocomelia.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phocomelia — Classification and external resources A 20 year old woman with left sided phocomelia, before and after treatment for scoliosis. ICD 10 Q …   Wikipedia

  • phocomelia — phocomelia. См. фокомелия. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • PHOCOMELIA — (от греч. phoke тюлень и melos член), уродство развития конечностей (напр. плеча, бедра, предплечья, голени), характеризующееся гипоплазией или аплазией их. Кисти рук или стопы ног при этом могут непосредственно примыкать к туловищу, что и… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • phocomelia — [fō΄kō mē′lē ə, fō΄kōmēl′yə] n. [ModL < Gr phōkē, a seal + ModL melia, a condition of limbs < Gr melos, limb] the congenital absence or abnormal shortening of arms or legs, often with only short, flipperlike limbs projecting from the body… …   English World dictionary

  • Phocomelia — ruoniakojystė statusas T sritis gyvūnų raida, augimas, ontogenezė, embriologija atitikmenys: lot. Phocomelia ryšiai: platesnis terminas – kojų sutrikimai siauresnis terminas – poašinis siauresnis terminas – prieašinis …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

  • phocomelia — /foh koh mee lee euh, meel yeuh/, n. Pathol. a usually congenital deformity of the extremities in which the limbs are abnormally short. Also, phokomelia, phocomely /foh kom euh lee/. [1890 95; < NL, equiv. to phoco , comb. form repr. Gk phóke… …   Universalium

  • phocomelia — n. condition in which bodily limbs are missing or abnormally short (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • phocomelia — pho·co·me·lia …   English syllables

  • phocomelia — n. congenital absence of the upper arm and/or upper leg, the hands or feet or both being attached to the trunk by a short stump. The condition is extremely rare except as a side effect of the drug thalidomide taken during early pregnancy …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • phocomelia — noun an abnormality of development in which the upper part of an arm or leg is missing so the hands or feet are attached to the body like stumps; rare condition that results from taking thalidomide during pregnancy • Syn: ↑seal limbs • Hypernyms …   Useful english dictionary

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