- Periodontal disease
- A bacterial infection that destroys the attachment fibers and supporting bone that hold the teeth in the mouth. Left untreated, these diseases can lead to tooth loss. The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on teeth.
* * *periodontal disease n any disease (as gingivitis or periodontitis) affecting the periodontium
* * *disease of the tissues that support and attach the teeth - the gums, periodontal membrane, and alveolar bone. It is caused by the metabolism of bacterial plaque on the surfaces of the teeth adjacent to these tissues. Periodontal disease includes gingivitis and the more advanced stage of periodontitis, which results in the formation of spaces between the gums and the teeth (periodontal pockets), the loss of some fibres that attach the tooth to the jaw, and the loss of bone. The disease is widespread and is the most common cause of tooth loss in older people. Poor oral hygiene is a major contributory factor, but the resistance of the patient also has some influence; for example, the reduced resistance of AIDS patients may predispose to periodontal disease.
* * *any of a group of pathological conditions that affect the surrounding and supporting tissues of the teeth, generally classified as inflammatory (gingivitis and periodontitis), dystrophic (periodontal trauma and periodontosis), and anomalies. Called also dentoalveolitis.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
periodontal disease — disease of the tissues that support and attach the teeth – the gums, periodontal membrane, and alveolar bone. It is caused by the metabolism of bacterial plaque on the surfaces of the teeth adjacent to these tissues. Periodontal disease includes… … The new mediacal dictionary
periodontal disease — (per e o don tal) A disease located around the teeth or in the periodontium the tissue investing and supporting the teeth, including the cementum, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, and gingiva … Dictionary of microbiology
periodontal disease — noun a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth • Syn: ↑periodontitis • Hypernyms: ↑disease • Hyponyms: ↑pyorrhea, ↑pyorrhoea, ↑pyorrhea alveolaris, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
periodontal disease — periodon′tal disease n. den pat pyorrhea 2) … From formal English to slang
periodontal disease — any of various mixed bacterial infections that affect the soft tissues and bones supporting the teeth. Cf. pyorrhea. * * * … Universalium
periodontal disease — n. (Dentistry) general term for diseases and bacterial infections of the gums and teeth that cause much damage and can result in loss of teeth … English contemporary dictionary
Periodontal Disease Index — An index used for estimating the degree of periodontal disease based on the measurement of six representative teeth for gingival inflammation, pocket depth, calculus and plaque … Medical dictionary
Periodontal scaler — Periodontal scalers have sharp tips to access tight embrasure spaces between teeth and are triangular in cross section … Wikipedia
Periodontal curette — Gracey curettes have sharp edges on only one side of their blades. There are two site specific Gracey curettes posterior mesial (white ring) and posterior distal (blue ring), in addition to the anterior curette (red ring) … Wikipedia
disease — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Condition of ill health Nouns 1. disease, illness, sickness, ailment, ailing; morbidity, infirmity, ailment, indisposition; complaint, disorder, malady; functional disorder. 2. condition, affliction,… … English dictionary for students