"Pediatrics is concerned with the health of infants, children and adolescents, their growth and development, and their opportunity to achieve full potential as adults." (Richard E.Behrman in Nelson's Textbook of Pediatrics) Pediatrics became a medical specialty in the mid-19th century. Before that time the care and treatment of childhood diseases was included within such areas as general medicine and obstetrics (and midwifery). The first pediatric monograph written in the U.S. was by Charles Caldwell who received his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1796. His doctoral thesis was on diseases of childhood associated with fever.
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The medical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of children in health and disease during development from birth through adolescence. [G. pais (paid-), child, + iatreia, medical treatment]

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pe·di·at·rics or chiefly Brit pae·di·at·rics .pēd-ē-'a-triks n pl but sing or pl in constr a branch of medicine dealing with the development, care, and diseases of children

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pe·di·at·rics (pe″de-atґriks) [ped-1 + -iatrics] the branch of medicine that deals with the child, development and care of children, and the nature and treatment of diseases of children.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pediatrics — (also spelled paediatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. The upper age limit ranges from age 14 to 18, depending on the country. A medical practitioner who specializes in this… …   Wikipedia

  • Pediatrics — Ped i*at rics, n. That branch of medical science which treats of the hygiene and diseases of children. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pediatrics — 1884; from PEDIATRIC (Cf. pediatric); see ICS (Cf. ics) …   Etymology dictionary

  • pediatrics — (Brit. paediatrics) ► PLURAL NOUN (treated as sing. ) ▪ the branch of medicine concerned with children and their diseases. DERIVATIVES pediatric adjective pediatrician noun. ORIGIN from Greek pais child + iatros physician …   English terms dictionary

  • pediatrics — [pē΄dē a′triks] n. [< PED(O) + IATRICS] the branch of medicine dealing with the development and care of infants and children, and with the treatment of their diseases, illnesses, etc. pediatric adj …   English World dictionary

  • pediatrics — pediatric, adj. /pee dee a triks, ped ee /, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of medicine concerned with the development, care, and diseases of babies and children. [1880 85; pediatr(ic) (see PED 1, IATRIC) + ICS] * * * Medical specialty… …   Universalium

  • pediatrics — noun plural but singular or plural in construction Date: 1884 a branch of medicine dealing with the development, care, and diseases of children …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pediatrics — noun The branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of children. See Also: pediatric, pediatrician …   Wiktionary

  • pediatrics — pe|di|at|rics [ˌpi:diˈætrıks] n the American spelling of ↑paediatrics …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • pediatrics — pe|di|at|rics [ ,pidi ætrıks ] noun uncount the part of medical science that deals with children and the treatment of their illnesses …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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